Chad joined the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France’s 1st black colonial governor.
Félix Adolphe Éboué was a Black French (French Guianan-born) colonial administrator and Free French leader. He was the 1st black French man appointed to high post in the French colonies, when appointed as Governor of Guadeloupe in 1936. As governor of Chad during most of World War II, he helped build support for the Free French in 1940, leading to broad electoral support for Charles De Gaulle’s group after the war. He supported educated Africans and placed more in the colonial administration, as well as supporting preservation of African culture.
In 1944 he was the 1st black person to have his ashes placed at the Pantheon in Paris after his death.
LEGACY & HONORS: ⏹In 1961, the Banque Centrale des États de l’Afrique Équatoriale et du Cameroun (Central Bank of Equatorial African States and Cameroon) issued a 100-franc banknote featuring his portrait.
⏹The French colonies in Africa brought out a joint stamp issue honouring his memory.
⏹He was awarded an Officer of the Legion of Honour, decorated in 1941 with the Cross of the Liberation.
⏹He was a member of the Council of the Order of the Liberation, Place Félix-Éboué in 12th arrondissement of Paris was named for him, as is Paris Métro station Daumesnil (Paris Métro), which also honours Félix Éboué.
⏹A primary school in Le Pecq bears his name and offers bilingual English/French education.
⏹A small street near La Défense was named for him.