Umoja Karamu, meaning “unity feast” in Swahili, is an African-American celebration that was created in 1971 by Dr. Edward Sims, Jr.
Celebrated in a manner similar to Thanksgiving, Umoja Karamu is held on the 4th Sunday in November. Its purpose is to instill solidarity, black values, and appreciation of black heritage into black families. Prayers, libations to honor ancestors, historical readings, and feasts mark observances.
The celebration is based on five periods of African American life, each represented by a color:
✊Prior to Slavery: BLACK represents black families before slavery.
✊In Slavery: WHITE symbolizes the scattering blacks families during slavery.
✊Upon Emancipation: RED marks blacks’ liberation from slavery.
✊Struggle for Liberation: GREEN significances the struggle for civil rights and equality.
✊Looking to the Future: GOLD points celebrants to hope for the future.
Read more about Umoja Karamu at: Daily Black History Facts