8 Successful and Thriving Black Communities Destroyed by Racist White Neighbors

10 Posted by - December 10, 2015 - BLACK BUSINESS, BLACK MEN, BLACK WOMEN, CIVIL RIGHTS, JIM CROW, LATEST POSTS, Looking Black On Today, RECONSTRUCTION

Atlanta Race Riot (1906)
When the Civil War ended, African-Americans in Atlanta began entering the realm of politics, establishing businesses and gaining notoriety as a social class. Increasing tensions between Black wage-workers and the white elite began to grow and  ill-feelings were further exacerbated when Blacks gained  more civil rights, including the right to vote.

The tensions exploded during the gubernatorial election of 1906 in which M. Hoke Smith and Clark Howell competed for the Democratic nomination. Both candidates were looking for ways to disenfranchise African-American voters because they each felt that the Black vote could throw the election to the other candidate.

Hoke Smith was a former publisher of the Atlanta Journal and Clark Howell was the editor of the Atlanta Constitution. Both candidates used their influence to incite white voters and help spread the fear that whites may not be able to maintain the current social order.

The Atlanta Georgian and the Atlanta News began publishing stories about white women being molested and R*pedd by Black men. These allegations were reported multiple times and were largely false.

On Sept. 22, 1906, Atlanta newspapers reported four alleged assaults on local white women. Soon, some 10,000 white men and boys began gathering, beating, and stabbing Blacks. It is estimated that there were between 25 and 40 African-American deaths; it was confirmed that there were only two white deaths.

 

Greenwood , Tulsa, Oklahoma “Black Wall Street” (May 31 – June 1, 1921)

During the oil boom of the 1910s, the area of northeast Oklahoma around Tulsa flourished, including the Greenwood neighborhood, which came to be known as “the Black Wall Street.” The area was home to several lawyers, realtors, doctors, and prominent black Businessmen, many of them multimillionaires.

Greenwood boasted a variety of thriving businesses such as grocery stores, clothing stores, barbershops, banks, hotels, cafes, movie theaters, two newspapers, and many contemporary homes. Greenwood residents enjoyed many luxuries that their white neighbors did not, including indoor plumbing and a remarkable school system. The dollar circulated 36 to 100 times, sometimes taking a year for currency to leave the community.

The neighborhood was destroyed during a riot that broke out after a group men from Greenwood attempted to protect a young Black man from a lynch mob. On the night of May 31, 1921, a  mob called for the lynching of Dick Rowland, a Black man who shined shoes, after reports spread that on the previous day he had assaulted Sarah Page, a white woman, in the elevator she operated in a downtown building.

In the early morning hours of June 1, 1921, Black Tulsa was looted, firebombed from the air and burned down by white rioters. The governor declared martial law, and National Guard troops arrived in Tulsa. Guardsmen assisted firemen in putting out fires, removed abducted African-Americans from the hands of white vigilantes, and imprisoned all Black Tulsans, not already confined, into a prison camp at the Convention Hall and the Fairgrounds, some for as long as eight days.

In the wake of the violence, 35 city blocks lay in charred ruins, over 800 people were treated for injuries and estimated 300 deaths occurred.

Chicago Race Riots (1919)
The “Red Summer” of 1919 marked the culmination of steadily growing tensions surrounding the great migration of African-Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North during World War I. Chicago was one of the northern cities that experienced violent race riots during that period.

Drawn by the city’s meatpacking houses, railway companies and steel mills, the African-American population in Chicago skyrocketed from 44,000 in 1910 to 235,000 in 1930. When the war ended in late 1918, thousands of white servicemen returned home from fighting in Europe to find that their jobs in factories, warehouses and mills had been filled by newly arrived Southern Blacks or immigrants.

On July 27, 1919, an African-American teenager drowned in Lake Michigan after he challenged the unofficial segregation of Chicago’s beaches and was stoned by a group of white youths.

His death, and the police refusal to arrest the men who caused it, sparked a week of race rioting between Black and white Chicagoans, with Black neighborhoods receiving the worst of the damage.

When the riots ended on Aug. 3, 15 whites and 23 Blacks had been killed and more than 500 people injured. An additional 1,000 Black families had lost their homes when they were torched by rioters.

President Woodrow Wilson castigated the “white race” as “the aggressor” in the Chicago uprising.

 

Rosewood Massacre (1923)
Rosewood was a quiet, self-sufficient whistle-stop on the Seaboard Air Line Railway in Florida. By 1900 the population in Rosewood had become predominantly African-American. Some people farmed or worked in local businesses, including a sawmill in nearby Sumner, a predominantly white town.

In 1920, Rosewood Blacks had three churches, a school, a large Masonic Hall, turpentine mill, a sugarcane mill, a baseball team and a general store (a second one was white owned). The village had about two dozen plank two-story homes, some other small houses, as well as several small unoccupied plank structures.

Spurred by unsupported accusations that a white woman in Sumner had been beaten and possibly R*pedd by a Black drifter, white men from a number of nearby towns L*nched a Rosewood resident. When the Black citizens defended themselves against further attack, several hundred whites combed the countryside hunting Black people and burning almost every structure in Rosewood.

Survivors hid for several days in nearby swamps and were evacuated by train and car to larger towns. Although state and local authorities were aware of the violence, they made no arrests for the activities in Rosewood. At least six Blacks and two whites were killed, and the town was abandoned by Black residents during the attacks. None ever returned.

Washington, D.C. Race Riots (1919)
Postwar Washington, D.C., roughly 75 percent white, was a racial tinderbox. Housing was in short supply and jobs so scarce that ex-doughboys in uniform panhandled along Pennsylvania Avenue.

However, Washington’s Black community was then the largest and most prosperous in the country, with a small but impressive upper class of teachers, ministers, lawyers and businessmen concentrated in the LeDroit Park neighborhood near Howard University.

By the time the “Red Summer” was underway, unemployed whites bitterly envied the relatively few blacks who were fortunate enough to procure low-level government jobs. Many whites also resented the influx of African-Americans into previously segregated neighborhoods around Capitol Hill, Foggy Bottom and the old downtown.

In July 1919, white men, many in military uniforms, responded to the rumored arrest of a Black man for R*ped with four days of mob violence. They rioted, randomly beat Black people on the street and pulled others off streetcars in attacks. When police refused to intervene, the Black population fought back.

Troops tried to restore order as the city closed saloons and theaters to discourage assemblies. When the violence ended, 15 people had died: 10 whites, including two police officers; and five African-Americans. Fifty people were seriously wounded and another 100 less severely wounded. It was one of the few times when white fatalities outnumbered those of Blacks.

 

Knoxville, Tennessee Race Riots (1919)
In August 1919, a race riot in Knoxville, Tenn., broke out after a white mob mobilized in response to a Black man accused of murdering a white woman. The 5,000-strong mob stormed the county jail searching for the prisoner. They freed 16 white prisoners, including suspected murderers.

After looting the jail and sheriff’s house, the mob moved on and attacked the African-American business district. Many of the city’s Black residents, aware of the race riots that had occurred across the country that summer, had armed themselves, and barricaded the intersection of Vine and Central to defend their businesses.

Two platoons of the Tennessee National Guard’s 4th Infantry led by Adjutant General Edward Sweeney arrived, but they were unable to halt the chaos. The mob broke into stores and stole firearms and other weapons on their way to the Black business district. Upon their arrival the streets erupted in gunfire as Black snipers exchanged fire with both the rioters and the soldiers. The Tennessee National Guard at one point fired two machine guns indiscriminately into the neighborhood, eventually dispersing the rioters.

Shooting continued sporadically for several hours. Outgunned, the Black defenders gradually fled, allowing the guardsmen to gain control of the area. Newspapers placed the death toll at just two, though eyewitness accounts suggest the dead were so many that the bodies were dumped into the Tennessee River, while others were buried in mass graves outside the city.

New York City Draft Riot (1863)
The Draft Riot of 1863 was a four-day eruption of violence in New York City during the Civil War stemming from deep worker discontent with the inequities of the first federally mandated conscription laws.

In addition, the white working class feared that emancipation of enslaved Blacks would cause an influx of African-American workers from the South. In many instances, employers used Black workers as strike-breakers during this period. Thus, the white rioters eventually turned their wrath on the homes and businesses of innocent African-Americans and anything else symbolic of their growing political, economic and social power.

On July 13, 1863, organized opposition broke out across the city. The protests soon morphed into a violent uprising against the city’s wealthy elite and its African-American residents.

The four-day draft riot was finally quelled by police cooperating with the 7th New York Regiment. Estimates vary greatly on the number of people killed, though most historians believe around 115 people lost their lives, including nearly a dozen Black men who were L*nched after they were brutally beaten. Hundreds of buildings were destroyed causing millions of dollars in damage. Up to 50 of the damaged buildings had been burned to the ground by rioters, including the Colored Orphan Asylum, which housed more than 230 Black children.

 

The East St. Louis Massacre (1917)
During spring 1917 Blacks were arriving in St. Louis at the rate of 2,000 per week, with many of them finding work at the Aluminum Ore Company and the American Steel Company in East St. Louis.

Some whites feared loss of job and wage security because of the new competition, and further resented newcomers arriving from a rural, very different culture. Tensions between the groups ran high and  escalated when rumors were spread about Black men and white women socializing at labor meetings.

In May, 3,000 white men gathered in downtown East St. Louis. The roving mob began burning buildings and attacking Black people.  The Illinois governor called in the National Guard to prevent further rioting and conditions eased somewhat for a few weeks.

Then on July 1, white men driving a car through a Black neighborhood began shooting into houses, stores, and a church. A group of Black men organized themselves to defend against the attackers. As they gathered, they mistook an approaching car for the same one that had earlier driven through the neighborhood and they shot and killed both men in the car, who were, in fact, police detectives sent to calm the situation.

The shooting of the detectives incensed a growing crowd of white spectators who came the next day to examine the car. The crowd grew and turned into a mob that spent the day and the following night on a spree of violence targeting Black neighborhoods of East St. Louis.  Again, guardsmen were called in but various accounts suggest they joined in attacking Black people rather than stopping the violence.

After the riot, varying estimates of the death toll circulated. The police chief estimated that 100 Blacks had been killed. The renowned journalist Ida B. Wells reported in The Chicago Defender that 40-150 black people were killed in the rioting. The NAACP estimated deaths at 100-200. Six thousand African-Americans were left homeless after their neighborhood was burned.

 

Original Article Found At AtlantaBlackStar.com — http://atlantablackstar.com/2013/12/04/8-successful-aspiring-black-communities-destroyed-white-neighbors/4/

Sources:
blackwallstreet.freeservers.com
teachinghistory.org
tulsahistory.org
washingtonpost.com
wikipedia.org
history.com
blackpast.org

11 Comments

  • Secret of Racism Pt3: White Bamboozlement February 14, 2016 - 12:42 pm Reply

    […] There have been many times in the past when black people built affluent and rich communities with no outside help, and then envious white people found an excuse to barge in, steal, kill and destroy these communities. […]

  • […] 8 SUCCESSFUL AND THRIVING BLACK COMMUNITIES DESTROYED BY RACIST WHITE NEIGHBORS To those who believe that 0% of white men R*ped black women […]

  • […] the human wave of violence and destruction seeks  most often to harm its own habitat.  The death and carnage are nourishing to our lord, yet the fat of the land, the cuck underbelly […]

  • George Baptist December 11, 2016 - 8:54 pm Reply

    We need to be armed at all times.Trumps presidency may cause white people to rise up again. They have proven it is in their blood.

  • Crosstown June 7, 2017 - 8:19 am Reply

    After the completion of my run, I’d often wait for an African American co-worker, to give him a ride from Manhattan into Brooklyn. And the topic of conversation would always be about the racial issues in our country. Then one day as we were transversing the Brooklyn Bridge, he interrupts me and says, “Why do we always have to talk about race”? I reply, “What do you mean”? He then goes on to proclaim that there is no more racism in America because Blacks are doing pretty well. He cited the fact that we both worked for the MTA, as proof that significant progress had eliminated racism. I didn’t argue. I dropped him near his home and never again waited for him. That conversation took place in 1982.

  • Guest October 16, 2017 - 12:12 pm Reply

    Lol give me a break you dumb monkey’s never had 8 successful black communities the so called communities an towns and cities you dumb ass holes think that is or was maintained by you were actually governed by whites there are so many flaws an major ones with this historical story like for one if blacks can create a successful society and community how come they cant, couldn’t an wouldn’t be able to do this every where in America, Haiti and Jamaica not to mention Sub Saharan Africa cause before Caucasians went to Asia an The North Continental Of America and Latin America there were already advanced civilizations during, after colonization. but Sub Saharan Africa didn’t an don’t give me that Kemet a.k.a., e.g., i.e. (Egypt), The Great Zimbabwe wall is and or was black nonsense considering you still live in various methodological huts an bathe in cow urine and do tribal dances not to mention when you want to go urinate or take a dump your doing it where you stand or near the bushes an behind the trees using leaves. lets not forget mostly naked wearing grass skirts rubbing animal dung on babies. putting you’re lips on a cows private part, sucking and licking it vice versa an putting round plates in your jaw and using cow’s hide for a shield. eating mosquito burgers and mud cookies or shit. let us also remember killing black albino’s for magic ju ju an cannibalism and you’ve been doing this for centuries till today. an do bestiality and doing incest on one another. as I was saying if you blacks have been capable all this time why do you still have so many ghetto’s, projects, slums. face it when white people give your people the power, money, tools, Authority, resources without intervening to build an rebuild and repair a country that is governed by you’re race which you are incapable of doing

    I mean seriously if you think about it thoroughly hard enough Africans were here first before the Chinese an other ethnic Asian of any type and yet they were able to construct their very own community and master the english language an succeed in the so called white society and community that allegedly gives disadvantage’s an oppress, suppress minorities. like Native Americans, Latin Americans oh wait no they’er prosperous so why and or how are you guys still failing in public an only black schools and private schools couple of things that I need to mention is if you guys created Tulsa Oklahoma than it should be easy to replicate the city can you explain that. blacks govern a nation an continent they make things go down. when whites and yellows have a nation an continent they make things go up can you name me one black nation that is or was successful. I’m going to create an analogy like if white & yellow people had their own planet that they can colonize it will be advanced. black people on the other hand are always going to make excuses for the next century or so in why Haiti is the way it looks an though they had that island for hundreds of years into the future would need help from white people to colonize a planet that they chosen and still have primitive lives. also you’re kind weren’t the first ones to inhabit Madagascar the indigenous tribe from Indonesia are. (?) remains how can a group of people do all the things you mentioned when you will never find and answer to my questions.

    • Cynthia Whetstone November 4, 2017 - 8:48 pm Reply

      Africa is a lot more progressive than you think. Just as this country is a lot more progressive in certain places yet not so in the Appalachians and some of it’s rural areas. Your ignorance has been abundantly revealed. Remember that when slaves came here, they didn’t speak the language, they were forbidden to read or write with the threat of death. The barbarians in the United States evidently realized their intelligence, therefore, R*pedd them of everything they brought from their homelands. Realizing their potential, the Black race had to be held down even after slavery was supposedly eradicated. The barbarian, cruel and inhumane Caucasians set them free with only the clothes on their backs and stole 400 years of wages and the inheritances of their descendants. Caucasians were too lazy to do the work themselves and used Black labor to establish themselves as superior because they controlled the money and the slave’s very ability to survive in this cruel country. Caucasians were animalistic in the manners that they treated their slaves and some remain animalistic today in their rage and hate. What decent human being would beat the life out of another human being, burn them alive, boil them in cauldrons, lynch them while having picnics with their children of fried chicken, potato salad and lemonade. What kind of decent person would take their young children to lynchings and celebrate the murder of another human being? After being freed, Caucasians used sharecropping which was no more than another form of slavery. Blacks being freed with not a dime in their pockets needed a way to survive and Caucasians used that so they could ensure that the Blacks would remain tied to the land and unlikely to leave for other opportunities. Again, devious Caucasians exploited them. In many cases, the landlords or nearby merchants would lease equipment to the the newly freed slaves, and offer seed, fertilizer, food, and other items on credit until the harvest season. At that time, the tenant and landlord or merchant would settle up, figuring out who owed whom and how much

      High interest rates, unpredictable harvests, and unscrupulous landlords and merchants often kept tenant farm families severely indebted, requiring the debt to be carried over until the next year or the next. Laws favoring landowners made it difficult or even illegal for sharecroppers to sell their crops to others besides their landlord, or prevented sharecroppers from moving if they were indebted to their landlord and never able to pay their debts off. Then came another form of slavery called peonage. These barbaric Caucasians kept coming up with ways to hold the Black man down. Many Southern states soon began renting out prisoners to commercial enterprises for a fee, erecting a convict lease system that was highly profitable. A system known as “peonage” (debt servitude) also emerged enabling employers to force laborers to pay off a debt with more work. Ironically, it was a loophole in the Thirteenth Amendment declaring involuntary servitude illegal except as a punishment for a crime that made this system possible. A black man could go to jail/prison for simply walking and being unemployed. All kinds of trumped up charges. Workers became indebted to planters (through sharecropping loans), merchants (through credit), or company stores (through living expenses). Workers were often unable to re-pay the debt, and found themselves in a continuous work-without-pay cycle.

      But the most corrupt and abusive peonage occurred in concert with southern state and county government. In the south, many black men were picked up for minor crimes or on trumped-up charges, and, when faced with staggering fines and court fees, forced to work for a local employer would who pay their fines for them. Southern states also leased their convicts en mass to local industrialists. The paperwork and debt record of individual prisoners was often lost, and these men found themselves trapped in inescapable situations.

      For more than seventy-five years after the Emancipation Proclamation and the end
      of the Civil War, thousands of blacks were systematically forced to work against
      their will by barbaric Caucasians trying to hold them back. While the methods of forced labor took on many forms over those eight decades — peonage, sharecropping, convict leasing, and chain gangs — the end result was a system that deprived thousands of citizens of their happiness, health,
      and liberty, and sometimes even their lives. Then you Barbarians you inhumane pieces of dookey wonder why more Blacks were unable to succeed. Your jealous hearts and heartless actions are overlooked by you and some of these actions continue today.

      Peonage was never completely eradicated cause it is still practiced today in what I describe as a means of employment discrimination it ensures its continuance. Even Blacks that have struggled and gotten stellar educations struggle with employment discrimination and advancement regardless as to how excellent their performance and continued education is. Only a few are successful in being hired in high profile jobs.

  • Guest October 16, 2017 - 12:23 pm Reply

    Well the way I see it Caucasians, Asians, Latin Americans
    are superior to Africans. I mean lets face it that’s why when you
    compare Europe, Kemet, an Asia or Eurasia, Latin America to Sub Saharan Africa you can tell which race has and advanced civilization, culture an which race, ethnicity’s doesn’t. how else can you explain why they keep claiming everyone originally came from them or everybody’s culture is their culture if they are just like us why don’t they have the same things we do back where they came from
    hell when the European explorers discovered Sub Saharan Africa they written and said there is nothing on this continent an when they did find people either they were surprised or not surprised that the population that they found is living primitively an to this day the very same people the Europeans have discovered are no different than the ones we know today. after the European explorers left the continent they went to Asia and Latin America an guess what they found and abundance of advanced civilization an culture, but of course to the negroid race from their perspectives they think white people took (“stole”) their so called civilization, culture (“oh but white people are racist towards us, and enslaved us, an oppressed us. and invaded our lands an colonized us, and took our resources”) and that’s how an why they live like the way they are. that didn’t stop the Asian, Latin American nations from progressing. than again they already had an advanced civilization before the European explorers have arrived. and who could forget the Mongol Empire when the mongols took most of Eurasia, that did the same thing as the blacks are accusing whites for. but that didn’t stop eastern Europe from continuing in fact they must be that super tenuous if they had their land taken from them so easily for all that bravado they keep claiming and saying black power. the naive, ignorant, oblivious, unbeknownst, benighted, vacuous, troglodyte’s don’t seem to realize why cant they replicate another civilization, culture that the white man allegedly stole an indicting white people for a crime they didn’t commit because blacks whether they know it or not in reality and actuality the negroid race are genetically inept an incapable of building, reconstructing, repairing anything that they themselves have destroyed

    they didn’t make iron tools, furniture if they were capable all this time
    than how come they cant create tools that is made out of bronze, copper
    silver, steel,Titanium and has anyone here seen blacks paint their house let alone traditional houses an create clothing, furniture for themselves an why did they not bring their culture, carpenter skills, techniques with them just like the Asians, Latin Americans. Icelandics that originally came from Scandinavia brought their stuff into Iceland.

    • Cynthia Whetstone November 4, 2017 - 7:33 pm Reply

      What I despise is a Caucasian coming online and exposing their ignorance cause some Caucasian man thinks he is superior simply because of the color of his skin. Remember we are all the same on the inside and our body parts are even interchangeable and organ donations prove that. Africa has the world’s oldest record of human technological achievement: the oldest stone tools in the world have been found in eastern Africa, and later evidence for tool production by our hominin ancestors has been found across Sub-Saharan Africa. The history of science and technology in Africa since then has, however, received relatively little attention compared to other regions of the world, despite notable African developments in mathematics, metallurgy, architecture, and other fields. The Great Rift Valley of Africa provides critical evidence for the evolution of early hominins. The earliest tools in the world can be found there as well:
      An unidentified hominin, possibly Australopithecus afarensis or Kenyanthropus platyops, created stone tools dating to 3.3 million years ago at Lomekwi in the Turkana Basin, eastern Africa.
      Homo habilis, residing in eastern Africa, developed another early toolmaking industry, the Oldowan, around 2.3 million years ago.
      Homo erectus developed the Acheulean stone tool industry, specifically hand-axes, at 1.5 million years ago. This tool industry spread to the Middle East and Europe around 800,000 to 600,000 years ago. Homo erectus also begins using fire.
      Homo sapiens, or modern humans, created bone tools and backed blades around 90,000 to 60,000 years ago, in southern and eastern Africa. The use of bone tools and backed blades eventually became characteristic of Later Stone Age tool industries. The first appearance of abstract art is during the Middle Stone Age, however. The oldest abstract art in the world is a shell necklace dated to 82,000 years ago from the Cave of Pigeons in Taforalt, eastern Morocco. The second oldest abstract art and the oldest rock art is found at Blombos Cave in South Africa, dated to 77,000 years ago. You Caucasians should know what you are talking about than spewing your ignorance on line. Your blatant ignorance and misinformation is duly noted.

  • Black October 17, 2017 - 9:04 am Reply

    I hate devils. You white people stink and your history is new. You stupid devils had nothing to do with kemet. Your pale asses would have burned up in that hot sun anyway. If you are so great, why do you continue trying to claim a history your evil white asses had nothing to do with.

  • Cynthia Whetstone November 4, 2017 - 9:09 pm Reply

    Slaves’ inventions exploited by owners

    During the 17th and 18th centuries, America was experiencing rapid economic growth. Black inventors were major contributors during this era – even though most did not obtain any of the benefits associated with their inventions since they could not receive patent protection.

    Slave owners often took credit for their slaves’ inventions. In one well-documented case, a black inventor named Ned invented an effective, innovative cotton scR*pedr. His slave master, Oscar Stewart, attempted to patent the invention. Because Stewart was not the actual inventor, and because the actual inventor was born into slavery, the application was rejected.

    Stewart ultimately began selling the cotton scR*pedr without the benefit of patent protection and made a significant amount of money doing so. In his advertisements, he openly touted that the product was “the invention of a Negro slave – thus giving the lie to the abolition cry that slavery dwarfs the mind of the Negro. When did a free Negro ever invent anything?”

    Henry Boyd, who was born into slavery in Kentucky in 1802. After purchasing his own freedom in 1826, Boyd invented a corded bed created with wooden rails connected to the headboard and footboard.

    The “Boyd Bedstead” was so popular that historian Carter G. Woodson profiled his success in the iconic book “The Mis-education of the Negro,” noting that Boyd’s business ultimately employed 25 white and black employees.

    Though Boyd had recently purchased his freedom and should have been allowed a patent for his invention, the racist realities of the time apparently led him to believe that he wouldn’t be able to patent his invention. He ultimately decided to partner with a white craftsman, allowing his partner to apply for and receive a patent for the bed.

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