Mr. Micheaux was the prolific writer, director and producer of more than 44 films between 1919 and 1948. His films dealt with the African American struggle for equality in a hostile world. His second film, Within Our Gates, is often considered his response to D.W. Griffith’s racist classic, Birth of a Nation. Micheaux’s film depicts lynchings and the rape of black women by white men…in 1920. Mr. Micheaux was definitely not afraid to stir up controversy and was a ground-breaking artist who paved the way for black directors to come.