Elaine Race Riot: Estimated 856 Black Sharecroppers Murdered Who Just Wanted Better Pay

7 Posted by - February 6, 2019 - Injustices, JIM CROW, LATEST POSTS

The Elaine Race Riot, also called the , began September 30, 1919, in Elaine in Phillips County, Arkansas, in the Arkansas Delta.   The conflict started when approximately 100 African Americans, mostly sharecroppers on the plantations of white landowners, attended a meeting of the Progressive Farmers and the Household Union of America at a church in Hoop Spur (Phillips County), three miles north of Elaine. The group led by Robert Hill, who was the founder of the Progressive Farmers and the Household Union of America. The purpose of the meeting, one of several by sharecroppers in the Elaine area during the previous months, was to obtain better payments for their cotton crops from the white plantation owners who dominated the area during the Jim Crow era. Black sharecroppers were often exploited in their efforts to collect payment for their cotton crops.



Whites resisted such organizing by blacks, and two white men took it upon themselves to attend, one a deputy sheriff,  and the other a railroad worker showed up it was then that a fight developed. The guards standing shot one of the white men. A black trustee raced back to Helena, the county seat of Phillips County, and alerted white officials.

A posse was called in and within a few hours, hundreds of white men began to comb the area for blacks they believed were launching an insurrection. The white mobs burned the homes and businesses of Black people. In response to the mayhem, federal troops targeted African-Americans who were trying to protect their possessions and defend their lives. Hundreds of blacks were arrested, and many were forcibly held in the basements of the city’s public schools.



The fighting in Elaine went on for two days; it only ended when Arkansas Gov. Charles Brough called in United States soldiers to contain the violence. At the end of the violence, 65 African-Americans were brought to trial. According to the African-American Registry, “Twelve were sentenced to death and the others appealed to higher courts. Scipio Jones, an African-American lawyer from Little Rock, helped to fight for justice for the accused at Elaine. He received assistance from the (then) newly formed National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). As a result, the rest of the condemned men were set free, and the governor brought African-American and white citizens together for a discussion on problems between the races. No clear-cut answer for the violence was ever found.

According to the book, BLOOD IN THEIR EYES: The Elaine Race Massacres of 1919 by Grif Stockley,  it is documented that five whites, including a soldier, died at Elaine, but estimates of deaths range from 20 to 856.   If accurate, these numbers would make it by far the most deadly conflict in the history of the United States.


BLOOD IN THEIR EYES: The Elaine Race Massacres of 1919, Grif Stockley –http://www.amazon.com/BLOOD-IN-THEIR-EYES-Massacres/dp/1557287724





  • anthony russ July 12, 2017 - 3:47 am Reply

    That’s bad

  • Tish Smiddy August 29, 2018 - 6:10 pm Reply

    A called asking about my Great Grandfather? Did not know anything… my dad was sent away very young that i know he demons, rightly so people him , for the truth of the hours after the church insudent ,,, there’s recites that says of the horrors, there’s no other info seems like he feel off the Earth! And my Dad was very damaged !!! But i try to believe what he did was tell a truth to a injustice!

  • Marko December 12, 2018 - 3:50 pm Reply

    The use of violence has always and still is used by white to control us and not let us seek justice what comes around goes around period

  • gamefly May 2, 2019 - 6:00 am Reply

    It’s an awesome article in support of all the online viewers; they will take benefit from it I am sure.

  • g May 11, 2019 - 3:10 am Reply

    You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really
    something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward
    for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  • minecraft download free pc May 14, 2019 - 1:20 am Reply

    My brother recommended I may like this website.
    He was totally right. This put up truly made my day.
    You can not imagine simply how a lot time I had spent for
    this info! Thanks!

  • minecraft free download pc May 16, 2019 - 3:01 pm Reply

    Hi there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to look
    it over. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Wonderful blog and wonderful style and design.

  • Bonniejip May 22, 2019 - 9:12 pm Reply


    Free Instagram Followers 50 2019
    Free Instagram Followers Forum 2019

  • Lesroyaps May 31, 2019 - 11:44 pm Reply

    Kamagra Uk Pay With Paypal Acheter Viagra En Espagne Ou Trouver Du Misoprostol vardenafil 20 mg.no prescription Pyridium Phenazo Tablet With Free Shipping Without Dr Approval

  • Tremendous things here. I am very glad to see your article.
    Thanks so much and I am having a look forward to touch
    you. Will you kindly drop me a mail?

  • https://trello.com/thuocbothan June 8, 2019 - 12:23 am Reply

    You should take part in a contest for one of the highest quality sites online.
    I am going to recommend this blog!

  • Lesroyaps June 15, 2019 - 3:24 am Reply

    Prix Du Viagra Forum Tamoxifen Online Pharmacy Zithromax Dairy generic cialis Buy Propecia And Minoxidil Tadalis Sx France Buy Amoxicillin Without Prescription Uk

  • Jean Clink October 9, 2019 - 2:42 pm Reply

    I am so sad to read about this. Such strife between people is just heartbreaking.

  • Leave a reply