June 28, 1964: Malcolm X Forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity

1 Posted by - June 28, 2017 - BLACK MEN, CIVIL RIGHTS

June 28, 1964: Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

The Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) was a Pan-Africanist organization. The OAAU was modeled on the Organisation of African Unity, which had impressed Malcolm X during his visit to Africa in April and May 1964. The purpose of the OAAU was to fight for the human rights of African Americans and promote cooperation among Africans and people of African descent in the Americas.

Malcolm X announced the establishment of the OAAU at a public meeting in New York’s Audubon Ballroom on June 28, 1964. He had written the group’s charter with John Henrik Clarke, Albert Cleage, Jesse Gray, and Gloria Richardson, among others. In a memo dated July 2, 1964, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover described the nascent OAAU as a threat to the national security of the United States.

Malcolm X, along with John Henrik Clarke, wrote the following into the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) Basic Unity Program:

1. Restoration: “In order to release ourselves from the oppression of our enslavers then, it is absolutely necessary for the Afro-American to restore communication with Africa.”

2. Reorientation: “We can learn much about Africa by reading informative books.”

3. Education: “The Organization of Afro-American Unity will devise original educational methods and procedures which will liberate the minds of our children. We will … encourage qualified Afro-Americans to write and publish the textbooks needed to liberate our minds … educating them [our children] at home.”

4. Economic Security: “After the Emancipation Proclamation … it was realized that the Afro-American constituted the largest homogeneous ethnic group with a common origin and common group experience in the United States and, if allowed to exercise economic or political freedom, would in a short period of time own this country. We must establish a technician bank. We must do this so that the newly independent nations of Africa can turn to us who are their brothers for the technicians they will need now and in the future.”

The OAAU pushed for black control of every aspect of the black community. At the founding rally, Malcolm X stated that the organization’s principal concern was the human rights of blacks, but that it would also focus on voter registration, school boycotts, rent strikes, housing rehabilitation, and social programs for addicts, unwed mothers, and troubled children. Malcolm X saw the OAAU as a way of “un-brainwashing” black people, ridding them of the lies they had been told about themselves and their culture.

On July 17, 1964, Malcolm X was welcomed to the second meeting of the Organization of African Unity in Cairo as a representative of the OAAU.

When a reporter asked whether white people could join the OAAU, Malcolm X said, “Definitely not.” Then he added, “If John Brown were still alive, we might accept him.”

The Collapse:
Malcolm X did not have sufficient time to invest in the OAAU to help it flourish. After his death, Malcolm X’s half-sister, Ella Collins, took over the leadership of the OAAU. However, dwindling membership and Malcolm X’s absence eventually led to the collapse of the organization.

Finish reading the original post on http://www.blackpast.org/aah/organization-afro-american-unity-oaau-1965

7 Comments

  • gamefly May 4, 2019 - 6:34 pm Reply

    Admiring the hard work you put into your site
    and in depth information you present. It’s good
    to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t
    the same out of date rehashed information. Fantastic
    read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 27, 2019 - 11:12 pm Reply

    I’m really impressed with your writing talents and
    also with the structure in your weblog. Is this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way stay up the excellent quality writing, it is
    uncommon to look a nice blog like this one today..

  • gamefly free trial May 31, 2019 - 12:39 pm Reply

    I am really enjoying the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility issues?
    A number of my blog readers have complained about my website
    not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera.

    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this problem?

  • gamefly free trial June 1, 2019 - 3:06 pm Reply

    Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site.
    I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return yet again since I saved as a favorite it.

    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may
    you be rich and continue to help others.

  • gamefly free trial June 3, 2019 - 5:26 am Reply

    I have read so many posts regarding the blogger lovers however this post is genuinely
    a nice post, keep it up.

  • gamefly free trial June 3, 2019 - 7:47 pm Reply

    Great goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and
    you’re just extremely wonderful. I really like what you have acquired here, really like
    what you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it
    wise. I cant wait to read far more from you. This is actually
    a great site.

  • miniclip adventure capitalist June 16, 2019 - 11:24 am Reply

    In the awesome pattern of things you’ll secure an A+ just for hard work. Exactly where you misplaced everybody ended up being in all the details. You know, as the maxim goes, the devil is in the details… And that couldn’t be much more accurate in this article. Having said that, permit me inform you precisely what did work. The writing is really engaging and that is probably why I am taking an effort in order to opine. I do not really make it a regular habit of doing that. Second, while I can easily notice the jumps in logic you make, I am not convinced of how you appear to unite the details which make the actual conclusion. For right now I shall subscribe to your point however wish in the future you actually connect your facts much better.

  • Leave a reply