Dr. Euphemia Lofton Haynes was a Mathematician and Educator. In 1943, she became the 1st African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics in the U.S.A.
HER BACKGROUND: Martha Euphemia Lofton was the only daughter of William S. Lofton, a dentist and financier, and Lavinia Day Lofton. She was the valedictorian of M Street High School in 1907 and then graduated from Washington D.C. Miner Normal School with distinction in 1909. She went on to earn an undergraduate mathematics major (and psychology minor) from Smith College in 1914.
In 1917 she married Harold Appo Haynes. She gained a master’s degree in education from the University of Chicago in 1930. In 1943 gained her PhD from The Catholic University of America with a dissertation, supervised by Aubrey Landrey, entitled The Determination of Sets of Independent Conditions Characterizing Certain Special Cases of Symmetric Correspondences.
HER CAREER: Dr. Haynes contributed quite grandly to the educational system of the District of Columbia. She taught in the public schools of Washington, D.C., for 47 years and was the 1st woman to chair the DC School Board.
Dr. Haynes taught 1st grade at Garrison and Garfield Schools, and mathematics at Armstrong High School. She taught mathematics and served as chair of the Math Department at Dunbar High School. Haynes was a professor of mathematics at Miner’s Teachers College where she was chair of the Division of Mathematics and Business Education, a department she created.
Read more about her life at: Daily Black History Facts