On this day of July 1989, an organization was founded to help the Black women of American to fight for injustice and inequality. In the last few years of the 19th century, African-American women had no rights of voting and were segregated from this special right because of their race and color. Among the American women, Black women had to go through different legal impossibility. In all different ways, African-American women had to see serious inequality and were at the bottom position on the equality totem pole. But somehow, this serious perspective was overcome by the development of the National Association of Colored Women in the segregated world of America in 1896. The Aim of this association was to help Black women of America to beat issues of injustice and civil rights, such as lynching, Jim Crow laws, and women’s suffrage.
The National Association of Colored Women was one of the most prominent organizations formed during the movement of Black women. It was the intense hard work and achievement of Mary Church Terrell, who was a well educated Black woman, with a secure childhood and economically strong parents. She was from a mixed racial background but worked specifically for the black community. The other founding members of the organization included Frances E. W. Harper, Harriet Tubman and Bell Wells-Barnett, who worked closely with Terrell to make the association a huge success.
Mary Church Terrell was the first president of the National Association of Colored Women and dedicated her time to turn the association into a giant movement that can work efficiently for the rights of African-American women. She was born in 1863, in Memphis and was the daughter of former slave Robert Church Sr. Church was one of the reputed sons of the white master. Terrell’s father had keen interest to give her proper education. She completed her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from the Oberlin College and later, spoke for women at the Berlin International Congress of Women.
Terrell worked against the segregation rules of the country especially for public eating places and succeeded proudly with a winning decision from the court for the integration rule. Terrell continued her participation in different protests at the age of 80. She worked against the law that segregated Blacks from theaters and restaurants. In her later years, she worked for the local section of the American Association of University Women to get peaceful admission of Black women.