The Ashanti ruled by what they believed was divine right. The Golden Stool was said to be handed down from their guardian god Nyame. As a result, they viewed this invading colonial presence as a major problem. However, as the decades wore on it was felt that negotiation might be a better course of action in […]

Mark Clark was born June 28, 1947, in Peoria, Illinois. He was one of the 17 children of William Elder Clark, a well known Pentecostal minister, and Fannie Bardley Clark. By his teenage years, Clark was actively working with the Peoria branch of the NAACP, leading and participating in demonstrations for housing, fair pay and […]

The Federal Warrant was issued in connected with a shootout that took place in a Marin County courthouse on August 7, 1970.  Angela Davis purchased the firearms used in the Marin County shootout, including the shotgun used to kill Judge Harold Haley. It had been purchased two days prior and sawed off by Jonathan Jackson.  […]

On May 22, 1872, President Ulysses S. Grant signed the Amnesty Act of 1872. The Act ended voting restrictions and office-holding disqualifications against more than 150,000 former Confederate troops and secessionists. Some 500 military leaders of the Confederacy were excluded from the Act. via Youtube Channel source

At the age of 27, Robert Johnson died near Greenwood, Mississippi. Although the cause of death is still questionable, there have been a number of theories offered. The most common theory is Johnson was poisoned by the jealous husband of a woman with whom he had flirted with. Robert Leroy Johnson was a blues singer […]

Most people will not recognize the face nor the name of Ola Hudson. However, Hudson had an extensive background in Dance and Theater Arts. She knew how to stop a room and draw all eyes on her fashionable appearance. Most noted for her accomplishments as a couturier and costume designer, her clients included Stevie Wonder, Janet […]

Jim Crow etiquette operated in conjunction with Jim Crow laws (black codes). When most people think of Jim Crow they think of laws (not the Jim Crow etiquette) which excluded blacks from public transport and facilities, juries, jobs, and neighborhoods. The passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution had granted blacks […]

The Wishing Tree in 1937: Harlem’s legendary Wishing Tree, bringer of good fortune, was once a tall elm that stood outside a theater at 132nd Street and Seventh Avenue.  When it was cut down in 1934, Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, the celebrated tap dancer, moved the stump to a nearby block and planted a new Tree […]

Charles Octavius Boothe was a prominent black Baptist preacher, educator, and author. He worked with white leaders and philanthropist to help blacks in post-Civil War Alabama. Boothe was born on June 13, 1845 in Mobile County, and was owned by planter Nathan Howard Sr. Boothe’s maternal great-grandmother was born in Africa, his grandmother in Virginia, […]

On June 1, 1921, the black community in Tulsa, Oklahoma, was destroyed by a race riot. Prior to June 1st, the community enjoyed significant economic prosperity and political independence. Located in the city’s Greenwood District and known as “Black Wall Street,” it was considered one of the wealthiest black communities in the nation. On May […]

BY WALTER OPINDE  On this day 15th August, 1935, an African-American civil rights leader, the executive director of the National Urban League from 1972 to 1982, and one of the few African-American partners in a major law firm in the U.S., Vernon E. Jordan, was born in Atlanta, Georgia. His father was a mail clerk […]

Fred Archer was born in New York in 1921. At the age of 17, he entered the New York National Guard where he served a long and distinguished military career. He served two years in the infantry before going on active duty with the Army Air Corps in 1941. Archer was assigned to the 99th […]

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