Gertrude Watson Goodridge was the wife of famed black photographer, William O. Goodridge. At the age of twenty-eight, Goodridge became a widow when her husband died in an accident, leaving her to raise three young children, one daughter who was born after his death. The Goodridge Brothers owned and operated their own photography business. Brothers […]

Mutulu Shakur was born Jeral Wayne Williams on August 8, 1950, in Baltimore, Maryland. At age seven, he moved with his family to Jamaica, Queens, New York City. In Queens, he became radicalized and began working with the Revolutionary Action Movement and the Republic of New Afrika in his late teens. During this time, Shakur […]

The Ashanti Empire was in a perpetual state of conflict during the late 18th century and early 19th century as it sought to expand its territory. While the Fante were its primary threat in taking territory, the end result of the Ga-Fante War in 1811 saw Fante ally the Akim-Akuapem force give their side the victory over the Ashanti-Ga forces. The Ashanti-Akim-Akuapem War is something of […]

Evelyn Thomas Butts was born on May 22, 1924. Her mother died when she was young and she was raised by an aunt. Butts later married and had to be the sole provider of her three daughters after her husband became disabled during World War II. She was president of the Oakwood Civic League, which persuaded […]

Second Lieutenant Walter Tull was the first black British Army officer. Tull was born in Folkestone, Kent, in April 1888, he was the son of a carpenter from Barbados who moved to England and married a local woman. By the age of 10, his parents had died and left him to be raised in an […]

Arthur Shores was often referred to as “Alabama’s Drum Major for Justice.” Shores was one of the most successful black men and civil rights attorneys in Alabama and the nation. His landmark case, Lucy v. Adams, opened the doors at the University of Alabama for Ms. Autherine Lucy and all African Americans. The case was […]

Captured in Africa at the age of eight and sold to a Russian nobleman in Constantinople, Abram Hannibal was given as a slave to Czar Peter the Great of Russia. Hannibal was born as the son of the reigning African prince in the Eritrean highland. Peter the Great of Russia grew very fond of the young slave, […]

Concluding the first of the Anglo-Ashanti Wars is a battle that would ultimately draw the borders between the Ashanti Empire and the British-held Gold Coast. This is… THE BATTLE OF ACCRA In 1826, the Gold Coast region got a new governor in John Hope Smith. He had a good reputation with the Fante and married a Fante woman. Smith […]

September 2, 1963, marked the first day of the school year for the newly integrated Tuskegee High School in Macon County, Alabama. Thirteen African American students had been selected to attend the school; however, on the first day of integrated classes, Alabama Governor George Wallace ordered the school to be closed due to “safety concerns.” […]

The Fante is a long time enemy of the Ashanti and has had several run-ins and full blown wars with them throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. These battles were over important territory which in turn gave them more leverage to negotiate with colonial forces if they decided to do so. The thing here is that it was […]

Ten Little Niggers is the name of a children’s poem, sometimes set to music, which celebrates the deaths of ten Black children, one-by-one. The Three Golliwogs was reprinted as recently as 1968, and it still contained the above passage. Ten Little Niggers5 was also the name of a 1939 Agatha Christie novel, whose cover showed a Golliwog lynched, hanging from […]

The Ku Klux Klan was originally founded by Confederate veterans in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1865, but had dissolved by the 1870’s. In 1915, the Klan was revived by William Simmons, which was the same year that D.W. Griffith’s film, “Birth of a Nation” debuted, which stereotyped blacks and portrayed the Klan as a heroic force. […]

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