June 19, 1864: The Battle of Cherbourg Occurs

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June 19, 1864: The Battle of Cherbourg occurs. It was a famous battle between the USS Kearsarge and the CSS Alabama off the coast of Cherbourg, France.

For his actions during this battle, Joachim Pease received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his conduct while loader of the No. 2 Gun on the Kearsarge.

Accredited To: New York. G.O. No.: 45, December 31, 1864.

The Medal Of Honor citation reads:

“Served as seaman on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as loader on the No. 2 gun during this bitter engagement, Pease exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended by the divisional officer for gallantry under fire.”

Joachim Pease was a United States Navy sailor and a recipient of America’s highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the American Civil War. Although Joachim Pease has been referred to as a native of Long Island, New York, recently unearthed records in the National Archives show that when he enlisted in the United States Navy as an Ordinary Seaman on January 12, 1862 for a three year hitch, he listed his birthplace as Fogo Island, which is part of the Cape Verde Islands group off the west coast of Africa. He was described as 20 years old, 5’6 1/2 inches tall, with black hair and eyes and a “negro” complexion.

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