We Did It, They Hid It: Celebrating The Role Pullman Porters Played In the Creation of the Labor Day Holiday

1 Posted by - September 4, 2017 - DID YOU KNOW, Looking Black On Today, Today In Black History, We Did It And They Hid It

Many working people across the United States are enjoying a three-day weekend thanks to Labor Day. But sadly, it has become more of a retail holiday and a marker for the end of summer than a celebration of workers and organized labor. Even those who do honor workers and unions rarely explore the historical links between the Pullman Strike of 1894 and the black Pullman porters who could not strike—because they weren’t allowed in a whites-only union.

In 1867, Chicago industrialist George Pullman revolutionized rail travel with his famous Pullman Cars.

When a Pullman Car was leased to a railroad, it came “equipped” with highly-trained porters to serve the travelers. The cars were staffed with recently freed slaves, whom Pullman judged to be skilled in service and willing to work for low wages. Soon, The Pullman Rail Car Company was the largest employer of blacks in the country, with the greatest concentration of Pullman Porters living on Chicago’s South Side.

Labor Day was nationally established after the Pullman Strike of 1894 when President Grover Cleveland sought to win political points by honoring dissatisfied railroad workers. This strike did not include porters or conductors on trains, but for the black porters, racism fueled part of the workers’ dissatisfaction, and was never addressed.

In their home neighborhoods, to be a Pullman Porter was considered a prestigious position. The job offered a steady income, an opportunity to travel across America, and a life largely free of heavy physical labor, rare for blacks in that era. Historian Timuel Black recounts, “They were good looking, clean and immaculate in their dress, their style was quite manly, their language was very carefully crafted, so that they had a sense of intelligence about them … they were good role models for young men.”

But the porters were also mistreated, underpaid, overworked and subjected to countless indignities on the job. “A Pullman Porter was really kind of a glorified hotel maid and bellhop in what Pullman called a hotel on wheels,” explains former porter and historian Greg LeRoy. ” The Pullman Company just thought of the porters as a piece of equipment, just like another button on a panel – the same as a light switch or a fan switch.” Pullman demanded 400 hours a month or 11,000 miles – sometimes as much as 20 hours at a stretch — and paid ridiculously low wages (in 1926, an average of $810 per year — about $7,500 in today’s economy). “It didn’t pay a livable wage, but they made a living with the tips that they got, because the salary was nothing, ” says Lyn Hughes of the A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum. The company expected its employees to pay for their own meals, supply their own uniforms and shoe polish, and allowed them only short naps on couches in the smoking car. Disgruntled porters began to question their situation and decided to take on the enormously powerful company.

In 1925, the porters formed a union called The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. This marked the beginning of a twelve-year struggle for dignity, better working conditions, and fair pay. (Its leaders were charismatic black activist A. Philip Randolph and former porter Milton Webster, head of the Chicago union local.) Their eventual triumph marked the first time in American history that a black union forced a powerful corporation to the negotiating table. It was a significant step forward for black equality.

The union members learned how to organize and negotiate. They discovered that even in a time of great prejudice in America, blacks could effect change if they stood together and persevered. They would later apply these techniques to the civil rights movement.

Source:
https://www.evensi.us/labor-day-at-the-pullman-national-monument-and-state/185026910
http://interactive.wttw.com/a/chicago-stories-pullman-porters
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2015/9/6/1417213/-Labor-Day-the-labor-movement-and-black-Americans

277 Comments

  • Anthony Florence September 4, 2017 - 9:44 am Reply

    I am a huge history buff when it comes to black history my history please send any information for me to share with my family and friends.

  • Ms. Nero September 6, 2017 - 5:34 pm Reply

    Thank You. I teach US History I and II. This will be part of this week’s lesson plans.

  • ip tv test April 2, 2019 - 8:59 am Reply

    Kullanımı kolay ve güvenilir hizmet kalitesi ile sunduğumuz hizmetlerimizden siz de test talep başvurusu ile yararlanabilirsiniz.

  • hack de dragon city April 3, 2019 - 9:23 am Reply

    One thing I’d prefer to say is the fact that before acquiring more computer memory, consider the machine into which it can be installed. In the event the machine is running Windows XP, for instance, the actual memory ceiling is 3.25GB. Applying a lot more than this would basically constitute a new waste. Be sure that one’s motherboard can handle the upgrade quantity, as well. Great blog post.

  • Paykasa May 2, 2019 - 2:06 pm Reply

    Her geçen gün çok hızlı bir şekilde gelişen teknoloji ile hem dünyada hem de ülkemizde internet üzerinden paykasa kart kullanımı gün geçtikçe çoğalmıştır.

  • Paykasa Bozdur May 2, 2019 - 2:41 pm Reply

    Her geçen gün çok hızlı bir şekilde gelişen teknoloji ile hem dünyada hem de ülkemizde internet üzerinden paykasa kart kullanımı gün geçtikçe çoğalmıştır.

  • ıp tv May 5, 2019 - 1:30 pm Reply

    iptv izle

  • ıptv May 5, 2019 - 1:31 pm Reply

    iptv izle

  • 카지노사이트 May 5, 2019 - 11:35 pm Reply

    Nice contribution. It also helps me for my student and I have suggested this blog for English learning.
    Thanks, that’s very kind of you! I appreciate your reading my work!

  • 바카라사이트 May 5, 2019 - 11:47 pm Reply

    I am sorry that right now that function is not available, but I think there is another way to learn the lessons. 
    As we have just uploaded all the video lessons (link attached below), your learning will be much facilitated. You can pause and resume as you wish.

  • 카지노사이트 May 5, 2019 - 11:54 pm Reply

    Let me know how it works out for you. Good luck in your learning journey.
    This might be among the best mentions of this subject I’ve seen in a long time. It is obvious that the knowledge of the topic is deep and this made for a very fascinating read.

  • 카지노사이트 May 6, 2019 - 12:00 am Reply

    Hola! I’ve been reading your website for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Austin Tx! Just wanted to say
    You’re very welcome, and thanks for the kind feedback. I appreciate your support. Let me know how it works out for you.

  • 온라인카지노 May 6, 2019 - 12:07 am Reply

    I would like to say thank you for your materials on youtube channel that really help me to improve my English skills. And then, may I have a question? Do you have any classes in Vietnam? Thank you!
    You’re very welcome, Vinh! I’m glad you enjoyed the lessons. I am sorry, right now the English classes in Vietnam have not been opened yet. I’ll inform you whenever they are ready.

  • 사설토토사이트 May 9, 2019 - 9:58 pm Reply

    We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. I was exactly searching for. Thanks for such post and please keep it up. Great work.

  • 한국야동 May 9, 2019 - 9:58 pm Reply

    Been looking for this article for long time ago and finally found here. Thanks for the tips and sharing this post. appreciate!Please check out my website too and let me know what you think.

  • anneler günü May 11, 2019 - 12:59 am Reply

    Annenize alabileceğiniz 2019 yılının en güzel Anneler Günü Hediyeleri uygun ucuz fiyat, aynı gün kargo ve Anneler Günü indirimleri ile sadece burada.

  • soru sor May 13, 2019 - 9:24 am Reply
  • ip tv May 15, 2019 - 2:36 am Reply
  • buyinstagramcomments.org May 15, 2019 - 5:22 am Reply

    buyinstagramcomments.org

  • instagramanswers.com May 15, 2019 - 5:57 am Reply

    instagramanswers.com

  • 스포츠토토 May 15, 2019 - 11:28 am Reply

    Now I am ready to do my breakfast, after having my breakfast coming yet
    again to read further news.

  • buyinstagramcomments.org May 17, 2019 - 6:42 am Reply

    buyinstagramcomments.org

  • buyinstagramvideoviews.net May 17, 2019 - 8:10 am Reply

    buyinstagramvideoviews.net

  • buyrealinstagramfollowers.org May 17, 2019 - 8:59 am Reply

    buyrealinstagramfollowers.org

  • Like May 21, 2019 - 5:33 am Reply

    Photo Liker, auto like, Autolike, Photo Auto Liker, autoliker, auto liker, Auto Liker, Auto Like, Autoliker, Autolike International, Autoliker, autolike, Status Auto Liker, Working Auto Liker, ZFN Liker, Status Liker, Increase Likes

  • gamefly free trial May 22, 2019 - 4:58 am Reply

    Howdy! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform
    are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for
    another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me
    in the direction of a good platform.

  • paykasa May 25, 2019 - 2:49 pm Reply

    paykasa al

  • burun estetiği May 27, 2019 - 7:10 am Reply

    Her insan aynaya baktığında, ufak tefek de olsa burnuyla ilgili beğenmediği bir alan görür. Estetik sanat tarihinde ise burun her zaman yüzün en önemli güzelik ögesi olarak görülmüştür. Bu yüzden burun estetik cerrahisi tüm dünyada en çok yapılan estetik ameliyatlarının başında gelmektedir.

  • 스포츠토토 May 28, 2019 - 5:13 am Reply

    I think the admin of this web site is truly working
    hard for his web page, as here every material is quality based data.

  • mehmet bilir June 4, 2019 - 1:05 am Reply

    mehmetbilir.info

  • mantolama June 4, 2019 - 6:16 am Reply

    Metpor Söve & Mantolama İstanbul Anadolu Yakasında Dış Cephe Kaplama, Söve, Mantolama, Strafor Duvar Paneli, Isı Yalıtım Malzemeleri İmalatı Platformu.

  • Mehmet Bilir June 9, 2019 - 4:39 am Reply

    Mehmet Bilir Kişisel Blog Sayfası

  • lalisa June 9, 2019 - 6:07 am Reply

    Excellent BUSINESS DATA! Do you have UK Newels B2B Companies?
    Where can I buy Shopify Product Review Generator Software?:) https://www.ggalba.com

  • 구인구직 June 9, 2019 - 10:37 pm Reply

    I really appreciate your work. This post is really handy and useful, I am sure people will get help from this. And thanks for sharing.

  • GlowInsta June 11, 2019 - 10:23 am Reply
  • payka June 16, 2019 - 6:59 pm Reply

    Paykasa, İngiltere menşeli Ceresline Voucher Limited tarafından dolaşıma sokulan ön ödemeli bir nakit ödeme aracıdır. Elektronik para olarak da adlandırabileceğimiz bu kartlar, online alışverişlerinizde veya ödemelerinizde güvenli bir seçenektir. Bu seçenek, bilgilerini internet ortamında paylaşmak istemeyen veya kredi kartı sahibi olmayan alıcılara kolaylık sağlar. Elektronik paraların çoğaldığı günümüzde, Bu Kart kendine geniş bir yer bulmuştur.

  • bot followers June 17, 2019 - 5:26 am Reply

    Obtaining fake followers is a great way to increase your numbers remarkably in the shortest amount of time possible.

  • Antika Eşya alan yerler June 17, 2019 - 7:18 am Reply

    0531 981 01 90 Antika Alanlar Eşya Alan Yerler

  • bot likes June 17, 2019 - 9:35 am Reply

    Obtaining fake followers is a great way to increase your numbers remarkably in the shortest amount of time possible.

  • likes June 17, 2019 - 10:00 am Reply

    It is now easier than ever to get followers.

  • giyim June 17, 2019 - 1:23 pm Reply

    seleden, giyim mağazasıdır. pantolon, gömlek, t-shirt, elbise, etek modelleri satın alabileceğiniz indirimli bir mağazadır. erkek ve kadın giyimi üzerine hemen her çeşit moda kıyafetleri kombinleyebilirsiniz.

  • Buy Instagram Followers June 18, 2019 - 12:27 am Reply

    Outstanding information. You guys utilize the loabor day holiday very well.

  • 업소알바 June 25, 2019 - 6:25 am Reply

    Excellent BUSINESS DATA! Do you have UK Newels B2B Companies?
    Where can I buy Shopify Product Review Generator Software?:)

  • ip tv July 2, 2019 - 3:59 pm Reply

    Birbirinden özel iptv paketleri ile size en uygun olanı tercih edin.

  • mobil ödeme bozdurma July 2, 2019 - 4:10 pm Reply

    mobil ödeme

  • Kadıköy Antika Alanlar July 10, 2019 - 1:56 am Reply
  • Antika Alanlar July 10, 2019 - 1:57 am Reply

    Antika Alanlar Firmasıdır.

  • Antika Alanlar July 10, 2019 - 2:09 am Reply

    Antika Alanlar Firmasıdır.

  • Antika Ekspertiz July 10, 2019 - 2:11 am Reply

    Antika Ekspertiz Firmasıdır.

  • porn.com July 25, 2019 - 4:55 pm Reply

    very very very good

  • casinosite77.com July 31, 2019 - 10:12 pm Reply

    “The film has stepped up a notch from the drama in terms of action. We plan to be funny as well,” Lee said,

  • major77.com July 31, 2019 - 10:21 pm Reply

    Some original characters will join “Bad Guys,” including Kim Ah-joong as an attractive con artist and Jang Gi-yong as a rookie cop who will stop at nothing to stop the bad guys.

  • Leave a reply