Photo credits: Getty Images
Ghana gained sovereignty from colonial rule on March 6, 1957. It was the first nation in Sub-Saharan Africa to do so.
This West African country has a history dating all the way back to ancient kings. Its citizens gained independence from Great Britain in 1957. Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, was the first nation in Sub-Saharan Africa to achieve independence from colonial authority.
Ghana was populated by a variety of pre-colonial Akan kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Akyem, the Bonoman, and the Fante. Nkrumah was a fervent anti-colonial leader who became the first African head of state to espouse the notion of Pan-Africanism.
Nkrumah infused his leadership of Ghana with the ideology of Marcus Garvey and W.E.B. Du Bois, including ideas of liberty and justice, fairness, and free education for everyone, regardless of ethnic origin, religion, or belief.
Ghana’s flag is composed of red, gold, and green fields with a black star in the center. The crimson signifies the blood lost in the struggle for freedom, the gold represents Ghana’s mineral richness, the green represents the fertile agricultural land, and the black star represents African liberation.
This nation was founded on the principles of parliamentary democracy.