For much of the 20th Century, discriminatory housing practices existed throughout the United States and maintained its racially segregated status. African Americans did not have fair access to home loans and were unable to purchase hours regardless of their personal financial situations.
In an attempt to end prejudicial loan decisions of government backed organizations, President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 11063 on November 20, 1962. The order banned federally funded housing organizations from discriminating against individuals on the basis of race. President Kennedy’s order marked a symbolic step in addressing discriminatory housing practices. Six years later, a mechanism for enforcing fair housing regulations was established with the passage of the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
Hosted by the late D’Army Bailey, Moments in Civil Rights History is produced in collaboration with the Equal Justice Initiative and is part of Comcast NBCUniversal’s “His Dream, Our Stories” project. Visit His Dream, Our Stories for more Civil Rights History, first-hand accounts from those who led, participate in or benefited from the Movement, or to share a civil rights story of your own (or that of a loved one).
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