The 1895 New Orleans Dockworkers Riot

0 Posted by - December 25, 2020 - Black History, History, Injustices, LATEST POSTS

The 1895 New Orleans Dockworkers Riot was a racially motivated attack on non-union black dockworkers by white dockworkers and their sympathizers.  The riot occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana from March 9 through 12, 1895 and marked the end of nearly 15 years of bi-racial union cooperation and union power in New Orleans.  The riot also left six black laborers dead and many other wounded.

Throughout the 1880s and into the 1890s, black and white dockworker unions worked together to promote fair working conditions and wages for their workers along the New Orleans waterfront.  In 1892, the year of the New Orleans general strike, black and white dockworker unions agreed to share work equally between white and black workers.

After the economic panic in 1893 and a national depression, New Orleans commerce was suffering, the trade diminished, cotton prices dropped significantly, crops were smaller, and very little money was being made. During this time, economic concerns intensified racial tensions and black dockworkers as white dockworkers began to discuss withdrawing from the equal share agreement.

In 1894, white dockworkers were accusing black dockworkers of breaking the 1892 agreement by undercutting wages and agreeing to work for less money.  By October of 1894, the white dockworkers’ union used that charge to formally expel the black unions from their alliance, terminating the brief bi-racial union association. Rioting first erupted on October 26 after black workers were hired to replace striking white workers on some docks.

In December, 1894, the original 50/50 compromise was re-instated.  But racial hostility remained as white unions, attempting to maintain their racially dominant position, did not give black dockworkers an equal number of jobs.  And black workers, fearful of racial violence and unemployment, and encouraged by Booker T. Washington to abandon their interests in unions and strikes, became increasingly disillusioned.  Many of them were now willing to work non-unions jobs both on and away from the docks that paid far less.  As a result, an all-black, low-wage enclave developed that competed in a “race to the bottom” bidding war in wages with white unions.

In March 1895, the bidding war between white and black laborers erupted into violence.  On March 9, nearly 500 armed white men looted a black dockworkers’ storage house destroying half of their equipment. Two days later two coordinated attacks by several hundred armed white men on black laborers left six black dockworkers dead and many more wounded.



original article from:


  • gamefly May 2, 2019 - 8:45 am

    Excellent weblog right here! Also your website quite a bit up very
    fast! What web host are you the use of? Can I am getting your affiliate hyperlink to your host?
    I want my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  • how to download minecraft May 12, 2019 - 8:27 am

    Right now it appears like WordPress is the preferred blogging platform available right now.
    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you are using on your blog?

  • g May 12, 2019 - 9:58 am

    My brother suggested I would possibly like this website.
    He was entirely right. This put up actually made my day.
    You cann’t imagine just how so much time I had spent for
    this information! Thanks!

  • minecraft download free pc May 17, 2019 - 12:27 pm

    hi!,I like your writing very a lot! proportion we keep up a correspondence extra
    about your post on AOL? I need a specialist on this area to unravel my problem.
    May be that is you! Having a look forward to see you.

  • quest bars June 16, 2019 - 8:28 am

    It’s truly very complex in this busy life to listen news on TV, so I just use web for that reason,
    and take the hottest news.

  • Carolynn Cancel June 18, 2019 - 2:25 am

    Wow! How did you comoe up with atht coolpost?