The Birmingham Campaign – 1963

1 Posted by - July 27, 2017 - Black History, BLACK POLITICS

The Birmingham Campaign was a Black movement that was led by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1963. The main idea behind this movement was to seek national attention for the tremendous efforts done by the Black leaders to start desegregating the public facilities present in Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the one who led this campaign, along with Reverends James Bevel and Fred Shuttlesworth.

During April 1963, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) along with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. joined one of the ongoing local campaigns organized by Fred Shuttlesworth and the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR). The main goal of this campaign was to take notice of different segregation systems of the city just by imposing pressure on the merchants of Birmingham during the festive season of Easter. When the campaign started, ACMHR sought help from SCLC to make the campaign bigger and more successful. The Birmingham Campaign was scheduled in March 1963 but due to some unwanted reasons postponed to April. The campaign was then launched on April 3, 1963, with huge lunch sit-ins, massive meetings, a boycott of downtown merchants and marches on city hall. During the campaign, King requested all the Black citizens of Birmingham for a nonviolent protest and also required loyal volunteers. With the hugely enthusiastic response from the Black citizens, the actions of the campaign changed into sit-ins at the city library, kneel-ins at the church and a great march on the courthouse of the country to register the voters.

On April 10, 1963, a banning order was obtained from the court by the city government against the Birmingham protests. But after a lot of negotiation, the leaders of the campaign thought of disobeying the court order. There was a major risk of jail, but King contemplated and on Friday, April 12, 1963, he got arrested in Birmingham for violating the court orders. He was placed in the solitary imprisonment, where he wrote: “Letter from Birmingham Jail” published on Birmingham news. This letter was against the statement published by eight Birmingham clergymen who were against the protests.

King was not permitted to make a call to his wife and in response to this; his wife made tremendous efforts for her husband’s safety and showed her concerns to the Kennedy Administration. After so much of negotiation, King was released on bail on April 20, 1963, to continue his mission. King and his fellow leaders continued their great efforts and on May 10, 1963, King and Fred Shuttlesworth finally announced an agreement stating that the city of Birmingham will desegregate all the restrooms, lunch counters, and drinking fountains and fitting rooms of department stores within 90 days. It also stated for the release of hundreds of jail protesters and to hire Black salesman in different department stores.

Source Article:

http://www.blackpast.org/aah/birmingham-campaign-1963

24 Comments

  • gamefly free trial May 3, 2019 - 3:37 am Reply

    We stumbled over here coming from a different
    web address and thought I might as well check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you.

    Look forward to looking at your web page for a second time.

  • minecraft download free pc May 15, 2019 - 5:22 am Reply

    At this moment I am going to do my breakfast,
    later than having my breakfast coming again to read further news.

  • resharper crack May 15, 2019 - 3:37 pm Reply

    I am not rattling great with English but I get hold this really easygoing to read .

  • nonsensediamond May 17, 2019 - 12:06 am Reply

    Deference to op , some superb selective information .

  • fallout 76 cheats May 17, 2019 - 3:29 am Reply

    I dugg some of you post as I thought they were very beneficial invaluable

  • I consider something really special in this site.

  • redline v3.0 May 17, 2019 - 11:43 am Reply

    Great article to check out, glad that duckduck brought me here, Keep Up cool job

  • led ryggsäck May 18, 2019 - 8:00 am Reply

    I truly enjoy looking through on this web site , it holds superb content .

  • smutstone May 20, 2019 - 4:43 am Reply

    I must say, as a lot as I enjoyed reading what you had to say, I couldnt help but lose interest after a while.

  • resetter epson l1110 May 26, 2019 - 11:30 am Reply

    I enjoying, will read more. Thanks!

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 26, 2019 - 11:53 am Reply

    Hey there! This is my first visit to your blog!
    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche.

    Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a extraordinary job!

  • expressvpn key May 28, 2019 - 12:29 pm Reply

    I conceive you have mentioned some very interesting details , appreciate it for the post.

  • ispoofer activation key May 29, 2019 - 1:51 am Reply

    I must say, as a lot as I enjoyed reading what you had to say, I couldnt help but lose interest after a while.

  • redline v3.0 May 29, 2019 - 10:16 am Reply

    very nice post, i actually love this web site, carry on it

  • vn hax May 29, 2019 - 11:36 pm Reply

    I conceive this web site holds some real superb information for everyone : D.

  • xbox one mods free download May 31, 2019 - 6:06 am Reply

    I like this site because so much useful stuff on here : D.

  • fortnite aimbot download May 31, 2019 - 8:48 am Reply

    Intresting, will come back here more often.

  • mpl pro June 1, 2019 - 11:21 am Reply

    I love reading through and I believe this website got some genuinely utilitarian stuff on it! .

  • Matlene June 1, 2019 - 9:03 pm Reply

    Does Amoxicillin Cause Increase Thirts Propecia Hair viagra Effetti Collaterali Del Cialis Generico Kamagra Online Shop

  • hacks counter blox script June 1, 2019 - 11:34 pm Reply

    I conceive this web site holds some real superb information for everyone : D.

  • Matlene June 8, 2019 - 7:50 pm Reply

    Amoxicillin Cl Discount Fildena viagra vs cialis Zithromax Z Pak For Sale

  • ps4 best games ever made 2019 June 11, 2019 - 9:16 pm Reply

    Aw, this was an extremely good post. Taking the
    time and actual effort to create a really good article… but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and don’t manage to get
    anything done.

  • Matlene June 15, 2019 - 11:41 pm Reply

    Order Flagyl Tablets Levitra Controindicazioni Acquisto Levitra Generico [url=http://buycialcheap.com]cialis 40 mg[/url] Cialis Dolores Musculares Daflon Levitra Super Force Reviews

  • protosmasher download June 17, 2019 - 12:56 pm Reply

    I am glad to be one of the visitors on this great website (:, appreciate it for posting .

  • Leave a reply