The Second Maroon War: The Trelawney Maroons

0 Posted by - August 14, 2018 - Black History, History, LATEST POSTS

For several months between August 1795 and March 1796, the Trelawney Maroons went to war with Britain as the Treaty of 1739 didn’t go in their favor. The Second Maroon War was initiated after two Trelawny Maroons were flogged by a Black slave after stealing pigs in 1795. Leaders approached the British about the situation and were imprisoned. As a result, the war was started that summer.

Similar to First Maroon War over 50 years earlier, this conflict was largely a deadlock. Britain brought in 40 manhunters and 100 bloodhounds from Cuba to assist with finding the roughly 500 Maroons. Even though they held the land advantage, the Trelawney Maroons would surrender at the end of 1795. Annoyed at the breach of Treaty of 1739 by the Maroons, the British came up with harsh conditions for the new treaty.



Another treaty was drawn up that stated that the Trelawney Maroons leadership would perform for British forgiveness. They were to arrive, get on their knees, and beg. They would also return escaped slaves and be banished to Nova Scotia. The Trelawney Maroons viewed the British as unworthy and many didn’t show up at the January 1st deadline.

Eventually, they arrived to carry out their part of the treaty two months later. Britain saw this as a slight and banished all of the Trelawney Maroons to Nova Scotia. They were later moved to Sierra Leone by 1800.

Since the other Maroon colonies weren’t involved in the Second Maroon War, they weren’t affected by the actions of the Trelawney Maroons.


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