Dr. Winston Clifton Hackett was the first African-American physician in Arizona. He was also the founder of the Booker T. Washington Memorial Hospital, the first hospital in Phoenix which served the African-American community.
Hackett was born in Tyler, Texas where he received his primary and secondary education. He became a student of the Tuskegee University. The Tuskegee University is a private, historically black university (HBCU) located in Tuskegee, Alabama. He continued his medical studies at the Meharry Medical College, which is located in Nashville, Tennessee, United States.
Hackett arrived in Phoenix in 1916. He was the first Black physician in the area until Dr. A. McDonald arrived in 1923. These doctors helped patients of all races, according to city of Phoenix historians.
Hackett lobbied for the creation of an African-American community hospital but was unsuccessful. In 1921, Hackett purchased the residence of former Territorial Governor Joseph Kibbey which was located next door to his house at 1342 E. Jefferson St.. In 1922, he established the Booker T. Washington Memorial Hospital a private medical in that residence. The hospital didn’t have many beds at first and each bed was situated in the screened porch of the house. Hackett purchased three adjoining lots and was, therefore, able to expand the hospital. He also had six cottages built for tuberculosis patients.
His daughter, Winstona, was born in Phoenix in 1917. She grew up to become a local teacher, first at Dunbar School and then at Booker T. Washington School. She married Dunbar School Principal Aubrey Aldridge. Dr. Hackett died on February 19, 1949 at the age of 67.