Three of the South’s Black Enlistment Laws During The Civil War

0 Posted by - November 14, 2018 - CIVIL WAR, Military, POLITICS

Depending on the time during the Civil War, Black soldiers were either off the table or a last hope. Regardless of the period, concerns lingered about drafting and arming Black troops–for obvious reasons.  Here are three laws passed in the Confederacy in regards to the enlistment of Black men in the Confederate army.

 

THE TWENTY NEGRO LAW OF 1862

The “Twenty Negro Law” or “Twenty Slave Law” was passed by the Confederate Congress after the start of conflict. It was a part of its overall Conscription Act and saw several revisions.

The law exempted one White man (particularly owner or overseer) for every 20 slaves on a plantation or on two plantations within a number of miles. It was aimed at protecting economic power in the region by ensuring that owners and their children avoided military service.

Since an owner’s children were counted as “overseers,” a particularly large plantation could avoid service under the law.

Needless to say, the law didn’t go over well with White men who didn’t own slaves or had small plantations. Congress tweaked the law over a period of six months adding age restrictions. It would become very specific before be dropped overall.

Now  amended, the only people omitted from conscription were those who counted as overseers in April 1862. The replacement narrowed those exempt from service and added a $500 fee to process the exemption application.

With the Civil War getting dismal for the South by 1864, the number was dropped to 15 slaves. There was also provisions for business agreements between plantations and the Confederate government.

 

LAW REGARDING CAPTURED BLACK SOLDIERS

In May 1863, a law was passed which made it so that White Union commanders or soldiers were imprisoned or killed. Often times they were imprisoned. Meanwhile, Black Union soldiers were either killed or sent back to their owners as they were considered runaways.

While that was the law, the Confederacy needed laborers and operated on a “state’s rights” format. This meant that the states decided its own military policy. Some states gave Black people salaries to work as musicians and entertainers in camps. Other pulled slaves as military laborers. In the case of Alabama, mixed Creoles were admitted into the military in late 1862.

Eventually, the Confederacy would hurt for manpower overall as the Civil War neared its end.

 

GENERAL ORDER 14

On March 13, 1865 with the Confederacy suffering losses and the tag team of General William T. Sherman and General Ulysses S. Grant ripping through the South, Confederate president Jefferson Davis signed General Order 14 into effect.

The order made it so that Black men could be armed and conscripted as soldiers for the Confederate cause. This came years after the Union did the same and brought in some 200,000 Black men. Unfortunately, the decision came far too late. By the start of April, the Confederacy had lost the Civil War and packed it in by May.

SOURCES
https://www.fold3.com/page/1201_confederate_african_americanscivil_war#description
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/confederacy-approves-black-soldiers

9 Comments

  • Theodore Thomas December 12, 2018 - 5:11 pm Reply

    Thank God the south lost the Civil War!

  • gamefly free trial May 2, 2019 - 6:24 am Reply

    I read this article completely about the difference of hottest and preceding technologies,
    it’s amazing article.

  • gamefly free trial May 3, 2019 - 1:05 pm Reply

    Really when someone doesn’t understand after that its up to other visitors that they will help,
    so here it takes place.

  • gamefly free trial May 4, 2019 - 7:24 am Reply

    Heya! I understand this is kind of off-topic however I had to ask.
    Does running a well-established blog like yours
    take a massive amount work? I’m brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my diary every day.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can share my personal experience and views online.
    Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for
    brand new aspiring bloggers. Thankyou!

  • g May 12, 2019 - 12:35 am Reply

    Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.
    Is it hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where
    to begin. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Cheers

  • Randglync June 1, 2019 - 10:31 am Reply

    Where To Buy Tab Doxycycline Visa Amenorrhee Clomid Pour Commande Levitra Propecia Veneficios Generic Worldwide Progesterone Without Perscription Medicine

  • It’s really very complicated in this busy life to listen news on TV, thus I only use world wide web for that reason, and take the most up-to-date news.

  • Randglync June 14, 2019 - 10:40 pm Reply

    Domperidone Without A Prescription Viagra Haltbarkeitsdatum Zithromax Dose Viagra Sildenafil Wirkung

  • vn hax June 17, 2019 - 1:20 pm Reply

    Hello, yahoo lead me here, keep up nice work.

  • Leave a reply