In 1942, the Marine Corps established a camp in Montford Point, North Carolina, as a recruit depot to train African-American Marine recruits. The sum of $750,000 was allotted to construct and enlarge temporary barracks and supporting facilities for the segregated Montford Point Camp adjacent to Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Recruiting began on June 1, 1942.
Technical Sergeant Alfred Masters became the very first African-American in the United States Marines at his swearing-in on June 1, 1942 — not to be confused with Howard P. Perry of Charlotte, North Carolina, who has the distinction of being the first Black recruit. Perry reported to boot camp in August 26, 1942. However, the first Black Marine recruit to be sworn in was Alfred Masters on June 1, 1942 at 12:01 a.m. in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Masters was inducted into the Corps in his home state and then traveled to Montford Point, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.
Wife of Alfred Masters, Isabel Masters, recalled:
“Alfred and I were on the elevator at the post office in Oklahoma. City with a Marine recruitment officer who asked Alfred if he wanted to be the first Black Marine. Of course, the answer was yes. Alfred was wearing a Langston University sweater, which prompted the recruiter to accost him. On June 1, 1942, Monday morning, one minute after midnight, Alfred was inducted into the armed services as the first Black Marine. In Texas, however, another young man was inducted one minute after 8 a.m. as the first Black Marine. However, Alfred’s name is always listed first, being a degree of controversy about it.”
Isabell Masters went on to become an educator and five-time U.S. presidential candidate. Their daughter, Cora, became the fourth wife of politician Marion Barry. Masters later married again to Mary Hendricks in 1949 and they had five children.
The Montford Point Marines are hailed as important figures in American history, as they willingly fought to protect a nation that still did not offer them basic civil rights. Alfred Masters died on June 16, 1975.
The articke is wrong on a major point. They were offered basic civil rights, just not full civil rights.
My step father was an Montford Point Marine he died at age 91 a proud marine. We had to chance to take him to Washingon D C for the ceremony to recognize the Black marines. It was a great day for the marines and the USA to give these men there due better late than never.
1776 April ‐ The first African American to fight in a Marine role was John Martin, also known as Keto, the slave of a Delaware man, recruited in April 1776 without his owner’s permission by Captain of the Marines Miles Pennington of the Continental brig USS Reprisal.
1776 December ‐ Two African Americans, Isaac Walker and a man known only as Orange, enlisted at Philadelphia’s Tun Tavern in a company raised by Robert Mullan, the owner of the Tavern, which served as a recruiting rendezvous for Marines.
1776‐1783 ‐ During the American Revolution, there were 2,000 Continental Marines and at least thirteen being African
My greatuncle was a Montford Point Marine got out after 10 years as Sgt Harold Winbush