During the first part of the 20th century Palm Springs, Florida had discriminatory housing practices which kept blacks and other minorities from living in decent areas of the city. African Americans were allowed to work in Palm Springs but they could not live in the area, not until the U.S Congress ratified the 1964 Civil Rights Bill.
Before the changes, blacks lived in area Section 14 of the Agua Caliente Indian reservation. Section 14 was a square mile of Indian reservation land east of downtown Palm Springs. It was offered to Blacks, Hispanics and other nonwhite families looking for a place in Palm Springs to rent to live on. Agua Caliente natives provided the city’s blue-collar low-income workforce with a place to live.
By 1960, the downtown area of Palm Springs was at full capacity. The city could be extended if it had Section 14, the Indian reservation, just east of downtown. In 1961, the city of Palm Springs ordered minority families to leave, Section 14. The city had plans to redevelop the area and add stores and restaurants. When the Blacks of Section 14 refused to leave after being told to and ultimately evicted, their homes were set on fire.
Negros and other residences to scatter to outlying parts of the city.
A 1968 report by the Attorney General concluded, “The city of Palm Springs not only disregarded the residents of Section 14 as property owners, taxpayers and voters; Palm Springs ignored that the residents of Section 14 were human beings.”