Photo credits: The Montreal Neurological Institute
Largely because of the advances of the Civil Rights movement in the mid-20th century, an increasing number of African-Americans have had the opportunity to become physicians.
Many entered the distinguished field of neurosurgery. Others have made the most of this opportunity, becoming prominent in both academics and private practice.
Unfortunately, the details regarding the first African-American neurosurgeon, Clarence Sumner Greene, Sr., have remained in relative obscurity.
Born on December 26, 1901, in Washington, D.C., Dr. Greene received his M.D. from the Howard University College of Medicine with distinction in 1936.
After 7 years of general surgery residency and 4 years as a professor of surgery at Howard University, he was granted the opportunity by the legendary Wilder G. Penfield,
He trained in neurosurgery at the world-renowned Montreal Neurological Institute from 1947 to 1949. Receiving high praise from Dr. Wiley Penfield, Dr. Greene became the first African-American certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery on October 22, 1953.
Subsequently, he was appointed as chair of neurosurgery at Howard University, where he successfully treated intracranial aneurysms, brain tumors, and herniated intervertebral discs until his tragic death in 1957.
The diligence and perseverance of Clarence Sumner Greene, Sr., M.D., D.D.S., F.A.C.S. enabled him to overcome incredible odds to become the first African-American neurosurgeon, trained by Dr. Penfield at the Montreal Neurological Institute.
A true pioneer, his achievements have opened the door for subsequent African-Americans to enhance the field of neurosurgery.
McClellan, S., Harris, K. (2006 December 01) Clarence Sumner Greene, Sr.: the first African-American neurosurgeon. Retrieved from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17277696/