Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti: Influential Woman of African Politics and First Woman to Drive a Car in Nigeria

1 Posted by - September 8, 2021 - Black History, BLACK POLITICS, BLACK WOMEN, History, LATEST POSTS

Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, (Olufunmilayo Ransome-Kuti), was an influential woman of African politics in the first half of the 20th century. She was also the first African woman to drive a car in Nigeria.

Ransome-Kuti was of the Yoruba people and the daughter of Daniel Olumeyuwa Thomas, a small planter who had been an emancipated, baptized slave returned from Sierra Leone and Lucretia Phyllis Omoyeni Adeosolu, a seamstress.

After completing her primary education, she moved to England to further her studies. She later returned to Nigeria where she became a teacher, political campaigner and activist for women’s rights.

For women who were involved in charitable work she founded the Abeokuta Ladies’ Club (ALC) in 1942. Ransome-Kute also organized the social Welfare for Market Women club to help women who were working-class to further their education. Through the organization the first adult education program for women was started in Nigeria.

As an activist, Ransome-Kuti led a protest against Native Authorities, especially against the Alake of Egbaland in 1949. Ransome-Kuti along with her sister-in-law also founded the Egba or Abeokuta Women’s Union.

During her political career, Ransome-Kuti was thrown from a third-floor window of her son Fela’s compound, a commune was known as the Kalakuta Republic. The compound was stormed by one thousand armed military personnel in 1978. After the fall, Ransome-Kuti fell into a coma in February of that year and died on April 13, 1978.



Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti

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