Greenwood Park was Nashville’s first park for African Americans. The park opened the same year as the streetcar boycotts in 1905.
Preston Taylor, one of the founders of the Union Transportation Co. streetcar line, was also the founder of Greenwood Park. Many believed that was not a coincidence. Many believed Taylor was fed up with the racist white Nashville and decided to find a way to avoid it as much as possible. Black Nashvillians could take Taylor’s streetcar line past Taylor’s Greenwood Cemetery to enjoy Taylor’s blacks-only park. The park had a skating rink, amusement rides, ball field, swimming pool, a zoo, and many other amenities.
Advertisements for Greenwood Park were located near what is today the corner of Spence Lane and Elm Hill Pike, as “Owned by Colored People, Operated by Colored People, for Colored People.” Greenwood Park thrived for 40 years despite some politicians trying to close its doors.