Maxville: Home to African American Loggers in Oregon

0 Posted by - February 20, 2018 - Black Culture, Black History, BLACK MEN, LATEST POSTS

Maxville, in northeast Oregon east of the town of Wallowa, was home to African American loggers at a time when Oregon’s constitution included a provision excluding blacks from the state. Maxville had a population of about 400 residents, 40 to 60 of them African American. It was the largest town in Wallowa County between 1923 and 1933.

The Bowman-Hicks Lumber Company, based in Missouri, recruited experienced loggers from throughout the South and Midwest for the Maxville logging operation, and most of them traveled by rail—in boxcars—to Wallowa County. Initially, Logging Camp #5 housed the loggers near Wallowa. The company built a new town for the loggers and their families, both white and black, at nearby Bishop’s Meadow. Originally named Mac’s Town, after Bowman-Hicks superintendent J.D. McMillan, the name was changed to Maxville.

Maxville was a railroad-logging town. Because trucks were not durable or large enough to profitability haul the large Ponderosa pine logs out of the forest, the felled trees were skidded, using steam engines, steam donkeys, and field horses. Workers also used elaborate timber chutes to move logs. Company jobs were typically segregated based on ethnic origin. Black workers felled the trees in teams, using cross-cut saws, and many had experience as log loaders, log cutters, railroad builders, tong hookers, and section foremen.

Because of the Great Depression and the consequent long downturn in the lumber market, business in Maxville began to decline. When the logging operation ceased, Bowman-Hicks closed the town in 1933. Several of the African American families moved to Wallowa while others migrated to nearby La Grande or to Portland. Those remaining in the area by the early 1940s left to work in the Kaiser Shipyards in Portland and Vancouver, Washington.

Blacks who stayed in northeast Oregon found jobs in janitorial services, on the railroads, and as blacksmiths and mechanics. Other families migrated to California to continue work in the logging industry. A small number of loggers continued to work in Maxville until the mid-1940s, when a severe winter storm destroyed most of the remaining structures.

 

 

source:

http://www.blackpast.org/aaw/maxville-oregon-1923-194

https://oregonencyclopedia.org/articles/maxville/#.WojdC-dG2M9

17 Comments

  • […] absence of African-American loggers in a lot of these images is not from a lack of black employees. The bunkhouses were segregated, and while some black workers got to work in the mill and other […]

  • gamefly May 4, 2019 - 8:45 am Reply

    Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you may be a great author.I will be sure
    to bookmark your blog and will come back at some point.

    I want to encourage that you continue your great posts, have a
    nice morning!

  • gamefly free trial May 4, 2019 - 11:42 pm Reply

    What a stuff of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable familiarity about unexpected feelings.

  • minecraft pc download May 6, 2019 - 3:53 pm Reply

    I always spent my half an hour to read this blog’s posts daily
    along with a mug of coffee.

  • g May 10, 2019 - 5:22 pm Reply

    My brother recommended I might like this blog.
    He used to be totally right. This publish truly made my day.
    You can not consider just how so much time I had spent for
    this info! Thank you!

  • g May 11, 2019 - 11:21 am Reply

    There is certainly a great deal to find out about this issue.
    I love all the points you made.

  • download minecraft for free May 12, 2019 - 12:17 pm Reply

    Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday.
    It will always be helpful to read through articles from other writers and use a little something from their sites.

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 23, 2019 - 4:04 pm Reply

    Very good article! We are linking to this particularly great article on our site.
    Keep up the great writing.

  • gamefly free trial May 27, 2019 - 12:11 pm Reply

    Have you ever considered publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would love
    to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my audience would value your work. If you’re even remotely interested,
    feel free to send me an e-mail.

  • gamefly free trial May 27, 2019 - 12:16 pm Reply

    This is very interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post.
    Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks!

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 27, 2019 - 12:19 pm Reply

    Thanks for another informative site. Where else may just I am getting that kind of information written in such a perfect method?
    I’ve a mission that I am simply now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such information.

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 27, 2019 - 12:20 pm Reply

    Since the admin of this web site is working, no doubt very
    soon it will be famous, due to its quality contents.

  • gamefly free trial May 27, 2019 - 12:20 pm Reply

    If you are going for most excellent contents like me, simply pay a quick visit
    this web page every day for the reason that it offers feature contents, thanks

  • how to get help in windows 10 May 27, 2019 - 12:47 pm Reply

    That is very attention-grabbing, You are a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and stay up for in the hunt for extra of your excellent post.
    Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks

  • StepBaday May 31, 2019 - 4:33 pm Reply

    Types Of Clonidine Kamagra 5mg Oral Jelly cialis Priligy Erectile Dysfunction

  • son dakika yalova haberleri June 7, 2019 - 9:29 pm Reply

    Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  • StepBaday June 9, 2019 - 4:57 am Reply

    Generic Viagra Review generic viagra Comprar Accutane In Usa

  • Leave a reply