Chief Mkwawa and The Hehe Rebellion of 1891

3 Posted by - June 12, 2023 - Black History, LATEST POSTS

In 1891, Germany was expanding into Africa and establishing a commercial base on the continent in Tanzania particularly. The Hehe Rebellion headed up by Chief Mkwawa saw the euonymus group resist German expansion while also expanding its own influence in the Tabora region.


The Hehe Rebellion

Initially, the Hehe targeted groups in Tabora who were allied with Germany. They were aggressive in their approach to stamping out these groups, looting them, and destroying German influence deeper into Tabora. The whole time, Germany attempted to negotiate with them with no luck. As a result, the green light was given for Commander Emil von Zelewski to head in bring the Hehe underfoot.

On August 17, 1891, the German Schutzruppe—or colonial troops—bolstered by African Askari troops burned down a village and killed a few warriors. The Hehe fled when the Germans first came through. Once the Germans advanced further, they ran into a larger number of armed Hehe and were rushed.

The pack donkeys the Germans used were startled in the chaos and ran into another group of German military. Following were the Askari forces who also stampeded the Germans in fleeing. This opening allowed for the Hehe to overwhelm the colonial forces. A young Hehe warrior killed Commander Zelewski by spearing him in the confusion. During this encounter, most of the German forces had been wiped out with only a few escaping.

In different accounts, the Germans took a number major losses but also inaccurately mentioned that it had taken out most of the Hehe chiefs. The result was the same: the perception of German power in East Africa was damaged.

The colonial governor turned down the notion of retaliation against the Hehe believing it would’ve been best to lock down the coast prior to moving in deeper. This put a freeze on any expeditions for a year and a half.



When the colonial governor Julius von Soden left the region two years later, a new, more aggressive governor by the name of Colonel Freiherr von Schele pushed for expeditions to resume. Peace talks were pursued initially but the Hehe continued to raid German caravans going through the area. Conflict broke out again as the Germans attempted to take Chief Mkwawa’s main town of Iringa.

Even with over 600 Askari and heavy artillery raining on Iringa, Mkwawa still managed to escape. On the loose, the attacks on caravans continued. Despite this, with Iringa taken there were awards and back-patting among the German forces for the expedition.

The Hehe broke up into those supporting Mkwawa and those wanting peace with the Germans. With war ramping up the Germans took a policy of enforcing the death penalty for anyone loyal to and helping Chief Mkwawa. His end came in 1898 after being cornered by German forces and killing himself.

The Germans would take Chief Mkwawa’s head as a trophy. There was a campaign to have the skull returned to the Hehe to keep the peace between the two sides. Mkwawa’s skull wouldn’t return to Tanzania until 1956. There is speculation that this skull doesn’t belong to the Hehe chief.

Today Chief Mkwawa is viewed as a national hero in Tanzania.



  • Mkina September 16, 2017 - 3:04 pm

    This article is correct. Germans killed my grandfather for not pronouncing German words properly. Germans wanted people in my area to learn the German language within 3 months or else they would be beaten. My uncle never came back from the war. We had his funeral without his body. I have a lot of relatives really hurt by German brutality.

  • gamefly free trial May 2, 2019 - 5:07 am

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that
    automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for
    quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have
    some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
    new updates.

  • g May 13, 2019 - 5:59 pm

    I’m no longer sure the place you are getting your info, however great topic.
    I must spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thank you for wonderful info I used to be searching for this information for my mission.

    • Ron December 10, 2019 - 9:13 pm

      YEP this is off topic

  • download minecraft May 17, 2019 - 9:54 am

    Article writing is also a fun, if you know after that you can write or else it is complex to write.

  • Emilio Mbamalu May 27, 2019 - 8:38 pm

    Good post. Thanks.

  • Urgete June 4, 2019 - 7:00 pm

    Добрый вечер! команда СЕО для продвижения и раскрутки online-сайтов в поисковых сервисах и/или соц сетях. И меня зовут Антон, я основатель компании оптимизаторов, специалистов, разработчиков, профессионалов, маркетологов, копирайтеров, линкбилдеров, link builders, рерайтеров/копирайтеров. Мы – являемся группой высококлассных фрилансеров. Данные профессионалы могут помочь вашему любому web-сайту взять топ 10 в поисковой выдаче любой системе. Наша фирма предлагает качественную раскрутку интернет-сайтов в поисковиках! У всех SEO-специалистов представленной сео-команды за плечами большой профессиональный путь, нам известно, каким образом грамотно делать ваш веб-сайт, продвигать его на первое место, преобразовать трафик в заказы. Мы предоставляем абсолютно бесплатное предложение по раскрутке ваших вебсайтов. Мы ждем Вас.

    бесплатное продвижение сайта в поисковых системах [url=]бесплатное поисковое продвижение сайта[/url]

  • Urgete June 7, 2019 - 2:29 pm

    HI! команда SEO для раскрутки и продвижения сайтов в поисковиках и/или соц интернет-сетях. Меня зовут Антон, я создатель группы специалистов, линкбилдеров, копирайтеров, маркетологов, разработчиков, рерайтеров/копирайтеров, оптимизаторов, link builders, профессионалов. Мы — команда амбициозных специалистов с шестилетним опытом работы в области фриланса. Ваш собственный сайт пойдет с нами на новую высоту. Наша фирма предлагает качественную раскрутку интернет-ресурсов в поисковых сервисах! Каждый из нас прошел огромный высокопрофессиональный путь, мы понимаем, как грамотно делать ваш собственный web-сайт, продвинуть его на 1-ое место, трансформировать трафик в заказы. Мы представляем бесплатное предложение по продвижению любых веб-сайтов. Ждем Вас.

    бесплатное сео продвижение бесплатный сео анализ

  • KelPava June 8, 2019 - 9:41 pm

    Acheter Levitra Bayer Acheter Du Propecia Franceachat De Propecia En Espagne Levitra Online In Australia levitra prezzi Proscar Ot Propecia

  • SprinUrgete June 12, 2019 - 1:27 pm

    Excellent house cleaning Tribeca : domestic house cleaning services

    Our specialists companies Ozone Park spend spring garden cleaning.

    Our company does spring cleaning 2019 not only in urban areas , but with joy we can tidy up .

    Our General Partnership cleaning organization Ozone Park FLYNN, is engaged complex spring cleaning of territories in Woodside under the direction of CLARICE.

    Spring cleaning is an opportunity implement a huge mass of work on tidying up urban areas, private households and offices, apartments.
    Streets, courtyards, parks, squares and urban territories not only clean up after winter Cleaning the premises in the spring is chance do a huge mass of work on tidying up urban areas, private households and offices, apartments.
    Streets, courtyards, parks, squares and other urban areas not only clean up from dirt accumulated in snow, take out the garbage, but also prepare for the summer period. For this need to be restored damaged bardyurfs and pavements repair broken small architectural forms sculptures, flowerpots,artificial reservoirs,benches, fences, and so on, refresh fences, painting and many other things.
    Our firm does spring cleaning 2019 in the district, we can put in order your own lot square, apartment, tanhaus.
    Trained specialists specialized company Sea Gate ready to hold spring cleaning site urgently.

  • taxiUrgete June 15, 2019 - 3:16 am

    Сервис Яндекс такси-это отличная возможность произвести заказ авто в любое время, куда угодно. Сделать заказ авто вы можете несколькими способами: через специальное мобильное приложение, закачав его, на сайте, по телефону Яндекс такси. Вам надлежит написать местонахождение, свой номер сотового, время когда требуется авто.

    Можно заказать Яндекс такси с детским креслом для перевозки детей, в вечернее время после встреч стоит прибегнуть к Яндекс такси, чем, например, сесть в транспортное средство нетрезвым, на вокзал или в аэропорт спокойнее воспользоваться Яндекс такси и не искать где разместить свою автомашину. Платеж выполняется наличным или безналичным платежом. Время прибытия Yandex такси составляет от пяти до 10 мин в среднем.

    Положительные моменты работы в Я. такси: Моментальная регистрация в приложение, Незначительная комиссия, Выплаты мгновенные, Постоянный поток заказов, Оператор круглыми сутками на связи.

    Для работы в Yandex такси владельцу автомобиля надлежит оформиться самому и транспорт, перечисленное займёт 5 мин. Наша комиссия составит не более 15 % отдохода. Вы можете с легкость получать зарплату когда вам нужно. У вас всегда будут заказы. В случае вопросов можно соединиться с постоянно работающей службой поддержки. Яндекс такси помогает людям быстро доехать до нужного места. Заказывая данное Я. такси вы получаете наилучший сервис в г. Самара.

    яндекс такси вакансии диспетчер : работа в такси самара без личного

  • Urgete June 16, 2019 - 4:46 pm

    Our purpose at is actually to offer our consumers along with the most effective vaping experience possible, helping them vape with style!. Based in NYC as well as in company since 2015, our team are a personalized vaping superstore offering all sorts of vape mods, e-liquids, smoking sodiums, husk units, tanks, rolls, as well as other vaping add-ons, like electric batteries as well as exterior battery chargers. Our e-juices are constantly clean because our company certainly not merely offer our items retail, yet additionally disperse to local New York City stores and also deliver retail options. This allows our team to continuously revolve our supply, providing our clients and stores along with the most best inventory possible.

    If you are a vaper or making an effort to get off smoke cigarettes, you are in the correct place. Want to conserve some cash present? Rush and join our e-mail newsletter to acquire unique club VIP, vape4style savings, advertisings as well as free of cost giveaways!

    We are actually an exclusive Northeast Yihi representative. Our experts are additionally licensed suppliers of Negative Drip, Harbor Vape, Charlie’s Chalk Dirt, Beard Vape, SVRF by Saveur Vape, Ripe Vapes, Smok, Segeli, Lost Vape, Kangertech, Triton and a lot more. Don’t find one thing you are actually seeking on our website? Not a issue! Merely let our team recognize what you are actually seeking and also we will discover it for you at a discounted rate. Possess a question concerning a certain product? Our vape specialists will rejoice to give even more details about anything our experts market. Simply deliver our team your question or call our company. Our staff will certainly be glad to aid!

    ripe vapes vct private reserve boutique : Yihi SX Q