Jupiter Hammon was the first published African American poet in the country. His first published poem, “An Evening Thought. Salvation by Christ with Penitential Cries: Composed by Jupiter Hammon, a Negro belonging to Mr. Lloyd of Queen’s Village, on Long Island, the 25th of December, 1760,” appeared as a broadside in 1761.
Hammon was never emancipated. He was living in 1790 at the age of 79, and died by 1806. He is considered one of the founders of African-American literature.