On March 5, 1869, Minnie Gaines, a black woman, was charged with murdering her white lover. Gaines was a freedwoman from Fredericksburg, Virginia. The man she was charged with murdering was her lover, James Ingle, a watchman at the Department of Interior.
On the night of the murder, Gaines comforted Ingle and demanded that he help take care of their unborn baby. He refused and told her that if she came around again, he would kill her. What Ingle did not know, Gaines had arrived at his room with a pistol, she attempted to shoot him, but the gun malfunctioned. She then picked up a hammer or ax and beat him hitting him in that head and killing him.
Right after the murder, Gaines turned herself into the police. In court, the question was whether Gaines would be convicted of premeditated murder, as the prosecutor wished, or of some lesser crime, such as murder or manslaughter, or whether she would be declared not guilty because of temporary insanity.
Gaines was the first person to be tried by a racially mixed jury. The jury consisted of six black men and six white men. All jury members took meals together and even had their picture taken together. Most people felt that Gaines would not receive a fair trial because the black jurors would feel pressure on their vote.
The jurors deliberated for ten minutes they returned with the verdict that Gaines was not guilty by reason of insanity. Gaines was sentenced to a Government Hospital without a specified amount of time. She stayed in a newly built facility for the “colored insane.” Gaines was eventually diagnosed with “mania hysterical.” However, doctors believed her condition stabilized after having her son and she was allowed to return home on April 16, 1870. She had spent nine months at the “colored for the insane” facility.
Ten years later, Gaines son was being raised in a Boston Orphanage. He remained there working throughout young adult life, he died in 1913 from tuberculosis.
I got this site from my buddy who informed me about this web page and at the moment this time I am browsing this web page and reading very informative posts
at this place.
Hello this is somewhat of off topic but I was wanting to know if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if
you have to manually code with HTML. I’m starting
a blog soon but have no coding knowledge so I
wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help would be enormously
I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure
whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty.
You’re wonderful! Thanks!
Hello everyone, it’s my first go to see at this web site, and paragraph is truly fruitful designed for me,
keep up posting such articles.
I’m really inspired with your writing talents and also with the layout to your weblog.
Is this a paid subject or did you modify it your self?
Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to see
a nice blog like this one these days..
Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but
after reading through some of the post I realized it’s new to me.
Nonetheless, I’m definitely glad I found it and
I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!