Remembering A Pioneer: Ms. Alice Ball

0 Posted by - February 17, 2017 - BLACK EDUCATION, Black First, BLACK TECHNOLOGY, BLACK WOMEN, Blacks In Medicine, DID YOU KNOW, FEATURED, February, LATEST POSTS, Missing From Textbooks, Quite As Kept, Today In Black History, We Did It And They Hid It

Alice Augusta Ball a Chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment of leprosy until the 1940s. She was also the 1st woman and 1st African American to graduate from the University of Hawaii with a Master’s degree.

EDUCATION: After returning to Seattle, Ball attended Seattle High School and received top grades in the sciences. She graduated from Seattle High School in 1910 and entered the university of Washington to study chemistry.

During her 4 years there, she earned bachelor degrees in both pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacy. She also, with her pharmacy instructor, published a 10-page article in the prestigious Journal of the American Chemical Society titled “Benzoylations in Ether Solution.” Following her graduation, Ball was offered scholarships to attend the University of California Berkeley and the University of Hawaii. 

Ball decided to move back to Hawaii to pursue a master’s degree in chemistry. In 1915, she became the 1st woman and 1st African American to graduate with a master’s degree from the University of Hawaii.

CAREER: In her postgraduate research career at the University of Hawaii, Ball investigated the chemical makeup and active principle of Piper methysticum (kava) for her master’s thesis. 

While working on her thesis, Ball was asked by Dr. Harry T. Hollmann, an assistant surgeon at Kalihi Hospital in Hawaii, to help him develop a method to isolate the active chemical compounds in chaulmoogra oil.

Chaulmoogra oil had previously been used in the treatment of Hansen’s disease (leprosy) with mixed results. Most patients with Hansen’s disease were hesitant to take the oil over the long term because it tasted bitter and tended to cause an upset stomach.

Ball developed a process to isolate the ethylesters of the fatty acids in the chaulmoogra oil so that they could be injected, but died before she could publish her results. Another chemist at the University of Hawaii, Arthur L. Dean, continued her work and began producing large quantities of the injectable chaulmoogra extract.

In 1918, a Hawaii physician reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association that a total of 78 patients were released from Kalihi Hospital by the board of health examiners after treatment with injections. The isolated ethyl ester remained the preferred treatment for Hansen’s disease until sulfone drugs were developed in the 1940s.

HER LEGACY:

🔬Although her research career was short, Ball introduced a new treatment of Hansen’s disease which continued to be used until the 1940s.

🔬The University of Hawaii did not recognize her work for nearly 90 years. In 2000, the university finally honored Ball by dedicating a plaque to her on the school’s lone chaulmoogra tree behind Bachman Hall.

🔬On the same day, the former Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, Mazie Hirono, declared February 29 “Alice Ball Day” which is now celebrated every four years.

🔬More recently, Ball was honored by the University of Hawaii Board of Regents with a Medal of Distinction in 2007.

Read more amazing stories like this at: Daily Black History Facts

14 Comments

  • gamefly free trial May 4, 2019 - 12:53 pm Reply

    Yes! Finally something about gamefly.

  • gamefly free trial May 6, 2019 - 7:31 am Reply

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that
    it is really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Many people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  • download minecraft May 7, 2019 - 1:13 am Reply

    I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but good
    topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more
    or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  • free minecraft May 9, 2019 - 9:13 am Reply

    I am no longer positive where you are getting your info,
    but good topic. I needs to spend some time studying much more or figuring out more.
    Thank you for great information I used to be looking for this info for my mission.

  • g May 10, 2019 - 9:18 pm Reply

    My programmer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.

    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress
    on a number of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  • g May 12, 2019 - 10:50 am Reply

    Hello, its nice post regarding media print, we all understand media is
    a great source of information.

  • g May 13, 2019 - 7:19 pm Reply

    Hi, Neat post. There is a problem together with your site in internet explorer,
    could test this? IE still is the marketplace leader and a
    large section of people will pass over your wonderful writing because of this problem.

  • minecraft pc download May 14, 2019 - 4:31 pm Reply

    I every time spent my half an hour to read this blog’s articles
    or reviews everyday along with a cup of coffee.

  • minecraft download for free May 15, 2019 - 2:06 pm Reply

    I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This article posted at
    this web page is in fact nice.

  • gamefly free trial June 1, 2019 - 1:57 am Reply

    Simply want to say your article is as astonishing. The clearness in your publish is just spectacular and i
    could suppose you are an expert on this subject. Well together with your permission allow me to grasp your
    RSS feed to keep updated with impending post. Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  • gamefly free trial June 4, 2019 - 4:20 pm Reply

    I every time spent my half an hour to read this
    weblog’s content all the time along with a mug of coffee.

  • FranMonry June 5, 2019 - 5:42 pm Reply

    Moyens Eprouves Pour Durer Plus Longtemps Au Lit buy viagra Cialis Pour Les Jeunes

  • yalova son dakika haberleri June 7, 2019 - 9:02 pm Reply

    Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  • FranMonry June 12, 2019 - 4:16 pm Reply

    Propecia 1mg Viagra Versand Rezeptfrei Levamisole cialis 5mg best price Venta De Cialis En Internet Comprar Viagra Sin Receta En Barcelona

  • Leave a reply